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Tibet Holiday Tour . We thank you for visiting our website. We are specialized in small group tour, aiming at proving best service on reasonable package cost. Our office is based in Lhasa capital city of Tibet. Our staffs are well knowledge about the region and deliver personalized service on friendly way. Tibet, historic region and autonomous region of China that is often called ‘the roof of the world.’ It occupies a vast area of plateaus and mountains in Central Asia, including Mount Everest. The name Tibet is derived from the Mongolian Thubet, the Chinese Tufan, the Tai Thibet, and the Arabic Tubbat. See our partner's GN label certified travels. Jimpa Travel. Contact Person: Jimpa ... 850000 Lhasa Tibet China. Bureau de Chengdu 30 Fang Cao Xi Er Jie, Ming Ren Yuan Build 6, Gate 3 Apt 4A 610041 Chengdu Sichuan China. E-mail [email protected] Services pour professionnels. Earlier this summer, following China and India’s deadly border skirmishes, there was a spike in public debate on Tibet’s legal status in the Indian news media. Many people claimed India did not have a common border with China, but only with Tibet, and that British India signed legal treaties regarding India’s northern border with Tibet, not China. free Tibet If India wants to hold moral high ground along the LAC, it must be a reliable partner to Tibet New Delhi must reinvigorate its support for the Dalai Lama and the Central Tibetan ... Basanta Tibet is the only authentic Tibet expert with ISO & Travel Life certification. How we Work Responsible Travel Certified Quality (ISO 9001) We bring travelers to Tibet to let them discover and understand the life, culture, spiritual and religious beliefs of the Tibetan. Tibet was the destination I would like to travel to most except for Beijing in China. Finally I completed my Tibet travel dream through this 10-day Tibet tour! TCG was recommended by a colleague of mine, and I was very satisfied with this trip. My consultant Kelly had arranged a suitable itinerary and comfortable accommodations for me according ... Resources for Tibetan & Himalayan Studies at CU Boulder and through Local Partners. Center for Asian Studies at CU Boulder. The Center for Asian Studies (CAS) is an important resource on the CU Boulder campus for hosting Asia-related events, funding guest speakers on Asia-related topics, and providing fellowships for student language study. Within Tibet, the planned spending covers the revamp and expansion of highways, roads and scenic spots, two of the sources said. Beijing sent troops into Tibet in 1950 in what it officially terms a peaceful liberation and maintains a heavy security presence in the region, which has been prone to unrest. ... Partner With ... Tibet now has 358 Living Buddhas, more than 60 of whom have been confirmed through historical conventions and traditional religious rituals. By 2017 a total of 84 monks from Tibet had received senior academic titles in Lhasa and 168 in Beijing.” Section III. Status of Societal Respect for Religious Freedom

India's regional foreign policy needs a massive shift

2020.09.17 11:06 haloblossom India's regional foreign policy needs a massive shift

The recent string of events at the LAC involving China is quite alarming and I feel like a lot of Indians are waking up to how aggressive China is and I believe there is more waking up that needs to happen. The Chinese think in a very different way and they have a very different way of life. For them laws don't mean much and they get what they want purely through brute force and muscle power. And up until now a lot of their victims are smaller nations who can't really stand up to them and protect their interests by standing up to their firepower. India is an exception to this. We have the firepower and military means to stand ground, although the numbers may not be in our favour and they may have greater edge in terms of technology and sheer tenacity to break rules and be brutal without regard for agreements or protocols.
I don't think that we are going to be able to hold on to our sovereignty and territorial integrity just by being on the defensive and just defending our borders and doing so purely with military defences. It is necessary and we can hold our ground for a while. But really, as a long term solution, we have to be more proactive in the region and take the route of a combination of diplomacy and military intervention rather than a purely military intervention. We have to assume a stronger role in the region.
We are not the only victims of Chinese expansionist aggression in the region. Taiwan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Maldives, Bhutan, Nepal, Tibet, Vietnam and plenty more are victims as well. But we are the only power in the region that has the size and values to stand against China and make it step back. But we can neither do it by ourselves, nor do we need to.
Here's a list of things that I believe we need to do:-
  1. Gather a coalition of nations against Chinese aggression. Let's form a strong body that involves nations that are the direct victim of Chinese expansionist aggression and also those nations who stand against this approach by China. We have to take advantage of the fact that China has a great number of enemies.
  2. Put a strict end to all bilateral ties with China until China honours a list of our requests (step back from occupying our territories, refrain from making claims on Arunachal Pradesh etc)
  3. Once we make them understand our list of demands, do not entertain ANY ties with them, be it trade or otherwise. We need to show them that we see this as really important.
  4. We also must not sign any more treaties or agreements with them unless they begin to honour the agreements that we have signed so far. They seem to care nothing for the agreements they sign.
  5. We need to isolate China both in terms of trade and also militarily. We need to work together with the military of our allies within this new coalition so that we stay strong as a coalition and thwart any moves from China.
  6. We have to do everything necessary to show China that it's dreams of being a superpower cannot happen through military aggression, but it may happen through smart diplomacy and through trust. I do believe that it would do us good to have China as a partner and as a strong counter to US. But not while China is unreliable and does not recognise the rule of law.
  7. Our policy on Tibet has to change. It's a shame that we still go by our agreement with China and honour its interest in fighting against any activist movement within our country that rallies for a free Tibet. It's shameful enough that we signed such an agreement and we enforce it within our borders when China has no regards for our interests. We must actively and officially rally for a free Tibet and regain access to tourist places in Tibet that are of interest to Indian citizens without the Chinese getting in the way. We have to free Tibet and also actively support the freeing of Hong Kong.
Bottom line is that India cannot be a defensive sitting duck that cares only about its own borders. We have to rise up as a strong regional power that other smaller nations find as a shield against unfair treatment from China or anyone else. We have the power to play this role, but we have to assume it. No one is going to hand it to us. We have to proactively lead and assume the larger responsibilities to govern in the interest of everyone.
I would like to hear others' thoughts on this.
submitted by haloblossom to IndiaSpeaks [link] [comments]


2020.09.17 11:04 haloblossom India's regional foreign policy needs a massive shift

The recent string of events at the LAC involving China is quite alarming and I feel like a lot of Indians are waking up to how aggressive China is and I believe there is more waking up that needs to happen. The Chinese think in a very different way and they have a very different way of life. For them laws don't mean much and they get what they want purely through brute force and muscle power. And up until now a lot of their victims are smaller nations who can't really stand up to them and protect their interests by standing up to their firepower. India is an exception to this. We have the firepower and military means to stand ground, although the numbers may not be in our favour and they may have greater edge in terms of technology and sheer tenacity to break rules and be brutal without regard for agreements or protocols.
I don't think that we are going to be able to hold on to our sovereignty and territorial integrity just by being on the defensive and just defending our borders and doing so purely with military defences. It is necessary and we can hold our ground for a while. But really, as a long term solution, we have to be more proactive in the region and take the route of a combination of diplomacy and military intervention rather than a purely military intervention. We have to assume a stronger role in the region.
We are not the only victims of Chinese expansionist aggression in the region. Taiwan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Maldives, Bhutan, Nepal, Tibet, Vietnam and plenty more are victims as well. But we are the only power in the region that has the size and values to stand against China and make it step back. But we can neither do it by ourselves, nor do we need to.
Here's a list of things that I believe we need to do:-
  1. Gather a coalition of nations against Chinese aggression. Let's form a strong body that involves nations that are the direct victim of Chinese expansionist aggression and also those nations who stand against this approach by China. We have to take advantage of the fact that China has a great number of enemies.
  2. Put a strict end to all bilateral ties with China until China honours a list of our requests (step back from occupying our territories, refrain from making claims on Arunachal Pradesh etc)
  3. Once we make them understand our list of demands, do not entertain ANY ties with them, be it trade or otherwise. We need to show them that we see this as really important.
  4. We also must not sign any more treaties or agreements with them unless they begin to honour the agreements that we have signed so far. They seem to care nothing for the agreements they sign.
  5. We need to isolate China both in terms of trade and also militarily. We need to work together with the military of our allies within this new coalition so that we stay strong as a coalition and thwart any moves from China.
  6. We have to do everything necessary to show China that it's dreams of being a superpower cannot happen through military aggression, but it may happen through smart diplomacy and through trust. I do believe that it would do us good to have China as a partner and as a strong counter to US. But not while China is unreliable and does not recognise the rule of law.
  7. Our policy on Tibet has to change. It's a shame that we still go by our agreement with China and honour its interest in fighting against any activist movement within our country that rallies for a free Tibet. It's shameful enough that we signed such an agreement and we enforce it within our borders when China has no regards for our interests. We must actively and officially rally for a free Tibet and regain access to tourist places in Tibet that are of interest to Indian citizens without the Chinese getting in the way. We have to free Tibet and also actively support the freeing of Hong Kong.
Bottom line is that India cannot be a defensive sitting duck that cares only about its own borders. We have to rise up as a strong regional power that other smaller nations find as a shield against unfair treatment from China or anyone else. We have the power to play this role, but we have to assume it. No one is going to hand it to us. We have to proactively lead and assume the larger responsibilities to govern in the interest of everyone.
I would like to hear others' thoughts on this.
submitted by haloblossom to india [link] [comments]


2020.08.30 08:40 1984_is_overrated_af [IndiaSpeaks Sunday Debate] In the face of Chinese Aggression, India should give up the idea of Strategic Autonomy and enter clear international alliances

Non-alignment, or it's post cold-war avatar Strategic Autonomy, is generally understood as a set of policies in foreign relations where a nation takes decisions with the participation of other countries and third parties or without if need be, as it deems fit. This means being able to set rules and terms of engagement instead of being forced to follow rules set by others and to be bound by wholesale commitment to another country or grouping.
Recent events such as the domination of global supply chains by China, the circumstances that led to the spread of the Corona virus and in particular, Chinese aggression at the Indo-Tibet border has made it very clear that in addition to being a rival to India's regional and international aspirations, an untrustworthy China also represents a direct threat to India's sovereignty.
Thus,in the face of Chinese Aggression, should India give up the idea of Strategic Autonomy and enter clear international alliances with for example, USA, the Quad, EU, etc with a clear aim to counter China?
Some points [for] the motion - Alliances allow much closer cooperation, the threat of China is very real and immediate, thus action should not be half-hearted. Entering an alliance would make India a more trustworthy partner. Allows India to send clear signals and act quickly. Now when the strategic aims are very clear (contain China), so the ends must be placed before the means.
Some points [against] the motion - International relations are temporary, can change but alliances can be hard to exit when that happens. No alliance is complete without a quid-pro-quo, can lead to entrapment and dependence. Cooperation can happen without an official alliance. Status quo allows balancing of various relationships in multi-polar world
[for] Those who are in support of the motion.
or
[Against] Those who are not in support of the motion.
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The mod team would like to thank u/BasicStatistician982 for suggesting the debate topic
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2020.08.18 16:29 MuslimahHope History of love and marriage around the world

Extra wordy list, but a fascinating list of love and marriage customs around the world over history.
This is from a book called Marriage, a History
When I read this, it blasted so many notions of what I believed to be 'typical' marriage dynamics and what I once thought was on the fringes of typical (like polygamy). There are just so many unique beliefs and customs from around the world throughout history.
Now I'm cutting and pasting from the book Please do note that some of the statements don't have notes on which century it was applicable.
On love
  1. The Greeks thought lovesickness was a type of insanity, a view that was adopted by medieval commentators in Europe.
2. In the Middle Ages the French defined love as a “derangement of the mind” that could be cured by sexual intercourse, either with the loved one or with a different partner.
  1. In China, excessive love between husband and wife was seen as a threat to the solidarity of the extended family. Parents could force a son to divorce his wife if her behavior or work habits didn’t please them, whether or not he loved her. They could also require him take a concubine if his wife did not produce a son. If a son’s romantic attachment to his wife rivaled his parents’ claims on the couple’s time and labor, the parents might even send her back to her parents. In the Chinese language the term love did not traditionally apply to feelings between husband and wife. It was used to describe an illicit, socially disapproved relationship.
  2. In Europe, during the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, adultery became idealized as the highest form of love among the aristocracy. According to the Countess of Champagne, it was impossible for true love to “exert its powers between two people who are married to each other.”
5. In twelfth-century France, Andreas Capellanus, chaplain to Countess Marie of Troyes, wrote a treatise on the principles of courtly love. The first rule was that “marriage is no real excuse for not loving.” But he meant loving someone outside the marriage.
  1. As late as the sixteenth century the French essayist Montaigne wrote that any man who was in love with his wife was a man so dull that no one else could love him.
  2. In Africa, the Fulbe people of northern Cameroon do not see love as a legitimate emotion, especially within marriage.
On marriage
  1. A woman in ancient China might bring one or more of her sisters to her husband’s home as backup wives.
  2. Eskimo couples often had cospousal arrangements, in which each partner had sexual relations with the other’s spouse.
  3. In Tibet and parts of India, Kashmir, and Nepal, a woman may be married to two or more brothers, all of whom share sexual access to her.
Author Commentary: In modern America, such practices are the stuff of trash TV: “I caught my sister in bed with my husband”; “My parents brought their lovers into our home”; “My wife slept with my brother”; “It broke my heart to share my husband with another woman.” In other cultures, individuals often find such practices normal and comforting. The children of Eskimo cospouses felt that they shared a special bond, and society viewed them as siblings. Among Tibetan brothers who share the same wife, sexual jealousy is rare.
  1. In some cultures, cowives see one another as allies rather than rivals. In Botswana, women add an interesting wrinkle to the old European saying “Woman’s work is never done.” There they say: “Without cowives, a woman’s work is never done.”
  2. A researcher who worked with the Cheyenne Indians of the United States in the 1930s and 1940s told of a chief who tried to get rid of two of his three wives. All three women defied him, saying that if he sent two of them away, he would have to give away the third as well.
6. Chinese commentators on marriage discouraged a wife from confiding in her husband or telling him about her day. A good wife did not bother her husband with news of her own activities and feelings but treated him “like a guest,” no matter how long they had been married. A husband who demonstrated open affection for his wife, even at home, was seen as having a weak character.
7. In the early eighteenth century, American lovers often said they looked for “candor” in each other. But they were not talking about the soul-baring intimacy idealized by modern Americans, and they certainly did not believe that couples should talk frankly about their grievances. Instead candor meant fairness, kindliness, and good temper. People wanted a spouse who did not pry too deeply.
  1. On the North American plains in the 1930s, a Kiowa Indian woman commented to a researcher that “a woman can always get another husband, but she has only one brother.”
  2. In China it was said that “you have only one family, but you can always get another wife.”
  3. In Christian texts prior to the seventeenth century, the word love usually referred to feelings toward God or neighbors rather than toward a spouse.
  4. In Confucian philosophy, the two strongest relationships in family life are between father and son and between elder brother and younger brother, not between husband and wife. In thirteenth-century China the bond between father and son was so much stronger than the bond between husband and wife that legal commentators insisted a couple do nothing if the patriarch of the household raped his son’s wife. In one case, although the judge was sure that a woman’s rape accusation against her father-in-law was true, he ordered the young man to give up his sentimental desire “to grow old together” with his wife. Loyalty to parents was paramount, and therefore the son should send his wife back to her own father, who could then marry her to someone else. Sons were sometimes ordered beaten for siding with their wives against their father. No wonder that for 1,700 years women in one Chinese province guarded a secret language that they used to commiserate with each other about the griefs of marriage.
  5. In many societies of the past, sexual loyalty was not a high priority. The expectation of mutual fidelity is a rather recent invention. Numerous cultures have allowed husbands to seek sexual gratification outside marriage. Less frequently, but often enough to challenge common preconceptions, wives have also been allowed to do this without threatening the marriage.
  6. In a study of 109 societies, anthropologists found that only 48 forbade extramarital sex to both husbands and wives. When a woman has sex with someone other than her husband and he doesn’t object, anthropologists have traditionally called it wife loaning. When a man does it, they call it male privilege. But in some societies the choice to switch partners rests with the woman.
  7. Among the Dogon of West Africa, young married women publicly pursued extramarital relationships with the encouragement of their mothers.
14. Among the Rukuba of Nigeria, a wife can take a lover at the time of her first marriage. This relationship is so embedded in accepted custom that the lover has the right, later in life, to ask his former mistress to marry her daughter to his son.
  1. Among the Eskimo of northern Alaska, as I noted earlier, husbands and wives, with mutual consent, established comarriages with other couples. Some anthropologists believe cospouse relationships were a more socially acceptable outlet for sexual attraction than was marriage itself. Expressing open jealousy about the sexual relationships involved was considered boorish. Such different notions of marital rights and obligations made divorce and remarriage less emotionally volatile for the Eskimo than it is for most modern Americans.
  2. In fact, the Eskimo believed that a remarried person’s partner had an obligation to allow the former spouse, as well as any children of that union, the right to fish, hunt, and gather in the new spouse’s territory.
  3. Several small-scale societies in South America have sexual and marital norms that are especially startling for Europeans and North Americans. In these groups, people believe that any man who has sex with a woman during her pregnancy contributes part of his biological substance to the child. The husband is recognized as the primary father, but the woman’s lover or lovers also have paternal responsibilities, including the obligation to share food with the woman and her child in the future.
  4. During the 1990s researchers taking life histories of elderly Bari women in Venezuela found that most had taken lovers during at least one of their pregnancies. Their husbands were usually aware and did not object. When a woman gave birth, she would name all the men she had slept with since learning she was pregnant, and a woman attending the birth would tell each of these men: “You have a child.”
In Europe and the United States today such an arrangement would be a surefire recipe for jealousy, bitter breakups, and very mixed-up kids. But among the Bari people this practice was in the best interests of the child. The secondary fathers were expected to provide the child with fish and game, with the result that a child with a secondary father was twice as likely to live to the age of fifteen as a brother or sister without such a father.
  1. Among the Ashanti of Ghana and the Minangkabau of Indonesia, men traditionally live with their mothers and sisters even after marriage.
  2. Men of the Gururumba people in New Guinea sleep in separate houses and work separate plots of land from their wives. The only time husbands and wives are together on a daily basis is when the main meal is being cooked and eaten.
  3. In Zambia, Bemba husbands and wives traditionally do not even eat together. Men and women eat separately, as do boys and girls, in a variety of meal-sharing groups organized by gender, age, kinship, and friendship.
  4. In Austria in the eighteenth century, lower-class married couples commonly lived apart for many years as servants in other people’s houses, taking their meals with their employers rather than their spouses. All these people would be puzzled by our periodic panics about how rarely contemporary families sit down to dinner together. If living together is not always what defines a marriage, neither is economic cooperation always the rule.
  5. Among the Yoruba and many other African societies, husbands and wives do not pool resources in a common household fund. Sometimes a couple doesn’t even share responsibility for their children’s economic welfare. The child is supported by one parent’s lineage rather than by the married couple. If the couple divorces, the child may not even be viewed as biologically related to the parent whose lineage isn’t economically responsible for him.
  6. There are West African societies in which a woman may be married to another woman as a “female husband.” In these cultures, if the wife brings children with her to the marriage or subsequently bears children by a lover, those children are counted as the descendants and heirs of the female “husband” and her extended family.
  7. And numerous African and Native American societies recognize male-male marriages.
  8. What about traditional Chinese and Sudanese ghost or spirit marriages, in which one of the partners is actually dead? In these societies a youth might be given in marriage to the dead son or daughter of another family, in order to forge closer ties between the two sets of relatives. For most of Chinese history the decision to arrange a ghost marriage was made by two sets of parents, without regard to the youth’s wishes.
  9. Among the Toda of southern India, a girl was married off at a young age, sometimes as early as two or three. From then on she was considered the wife not only of the boy to whom she was married but of all his brothers as well. When the girl was old enough to have sex, she usually had sexual relations with all her husbands.
  10. When Jesuit missionaries from France first encountered the North American Montagnais-Naskapi Indians in the early seventeenth century, they were shocked by the native women’s sexual freedom. One missionary warned a Naskapi man that if he did not impose tighter controls on his wife, he would never know for sure which of the children she bore belonged to him. The Indian was equally shocked that this mattered to Europeans. “You French people,” he replied, “love only your own children; but we love all the children of our tribe.”
There's more, but I should stop somewhere .. lol.
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2020.08.16 21:38 MarkdownShadowBot Removed comments/submissions for /u/salaambrother

Hi salaambrother, you're not shadowbanned, but 10 of your most recent 199 comments/submissions were removed (either automatically or by human moderators).

Comments:

g07fx0f in clevercomebacks on 03 Aug 20 (1pts):
I'm curious why people are using TikTok to make video gifs these days.
I was ban from the reddit sub TikTok for posting a single comment about how TikTok censors Tiananmen and Tibet references....
fzcwnyp in nextfuckinglevel on 27 Jul 20 (1pts):
The 3 people that murdered Breanna Taylor. No other cop killing quite gets me riled up like that one
fwal98r in niceguys on 28 Jun 20 (1pts):
I feel like it's a regional thing tbh. Everyone I know ( im not friends with any incels) says females. From ghetto to white suburbia, guys and girls, say it around here.
fvk13e0 in insanepeoplefacebook on 21 Jun 20 (1pts):
Shut the fuck up it means ok

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Why do things that don't affect you at first, even extended periods of times affect you later on?
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Hi all, dont know much about gas masks, I was wondering if a p95 oil particulate filter, rated at 2071 and 2078 would being able to stop virus particulates? Just doomsday prepping for the new virus :)
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I hear a clicking in my ears/head when its quiet.
al4r6w in Vaping on 29 Jan 19 (1pts):
Stupid question
8rti9q in AskReddit on 17 Jun 18 (1pts):
Any apps you can invest time in and grind?
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2020.08.11 05:47 assousa Rejiggering Gulf Security: China’s Game of Shadow Boxing

by James M. Dorsey Aug 10, 2020
This story was first published in Inside Arabia
A podcast version of this story is available on Soundcloud, Itunes, Spotify, Stitcher, TuneIn, Spreaker, Pocket Casts, Tumblr, Podbean, Audecibel, Patreon and Castbox.
China and Saudi Arabia are engaged in a complex game of shadow boxing to shape a future security framework for the Gulf designed to contain regional conflicts. In a bid to ensure plausible deniability, the boxers are for now intellectuals and journalists rather than officials.
China and its Gulf partners appear to be engaged in a game of shadow boxing.
At stake is the future of Gulf security and the management of differences between the region’s conservative monarchies and revolutionary Iran.
With governments passing to one another unofficial subtle messages, intellectuals and journalists are the ones out front in the ring.
In the latest round, Baria Alamuddin, a Lebanese journalist who regularly writes columns for Saudi media, has cast subtlety aside.
Ms. Alamuddin warned in strong and rare anti-Chinese language that China was being lured to financially bankrupt Lebanon by Hezbollah, the Iranian-backed Lebanese Shiite militia.
Writing in Arab News, the Saudi Arabia’s primary English-language newspaper, Ms. Alamuddin suggested that the Lebanese Shiite militia’s seduction of China was occurring against the backdrop of a potential massive 25-year cooperation agreement between the People’s Republic and Iran.
Her tirade was as much a response to reports of the alleged landmark agreement as it was to a declaration by Hezbollah leader Hassan Nasrallah that China was willing to invest in Lebanon’s infrastructure.
“Chinese companies are ready to inject money into this country. If this happened, it would bring money to the country, bring investment, create job opportunities, allow heavy transport, and so on,” Mr. Nasrallah said.
In a state-controlled media outlet in a country that has studiously backed some of the worst manifestations of Chinese autocratic behavior, including the brutal crackdown on Uyghur Turkic Muslims in Xinjiang and the repression of democratic expression and dissidents, Ms. Alamuddin did not mince words.
“Chinese business and investment are welcome, but Beijing has a record of partnering with avaricious African and Asian elites willing to sell out their sovereignty. Chinese diplomacy is ruthless, mercantile and self-interested, with none of the West’s lip service to human rights, rule of law or cultural interchange,” Ms. Alamuddin charged.
She quoted a Middle East expert of a conservative US think tank as warning that “vultures from Beijing are circling, eyeing tasty infrastructure assets like ports and airports as well as soft power influence through Lebanon’s universities.”
She went on to assert that “witnessing how dissident voices have been mercilessly throttled in Hong Kong, Tibet and Xinjiang, Lebanese citizens are justifiably fearful that their freedoms and culture would be crushed under heavy-handed, authoritarian Chinese and Iranian dominance, amid the miserable, monolithic atmosphere Hezbollah seeks to impose.”
Ms. Alamuddin’s outburst implicitly recognized that China was signaling Gulf states, at a time of heightened uncertainty about the reliability of the United States’ regional defense umbrella, that they need to reduce tensions with Iran if the People’s Republic were to engage in helping create a new regional security architecture.
Expressing concern about last month’s US decision to withdraw troops from Europe a day after Ms. Alamuddin’s stark criticism of China, Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Assistant Secretary-General for political affairs and negotiation Abdel Aziz Aluwaisheg suggested that “a more systematic framework, with organic feedback to the leadership and decision-makers” was needed for US-Gulf security discussions.
The GCC groups the Gulf’s six monarchies: Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait, Oman, and Bahrain.
China has been subtly pressuring Gulf states through academic and Communist party publications and public statements by prominent scholars with close ties to the government in Beijing.
Its messaging has primarily targeted Saudi Arabia, the one Gulf state that has so far refrained from engaging in any gestures towards Iran that could facilitate a dialing down of tension.
A recent article in a renowned Chinese journal laid out the principles on which China is willing to break with its long-standing foreign and defense policy principles to engage in Gulf security.
The principles included “seeking common ground while reserving differences,” a formula that implies conflict management rather than conflict resolution.
Most Gulf states have extended a helping hand to Iran, the Middle East country most hard hit by the coronavirus pandemic.
The Iranian and UAE foreign ministers agreed in a recent video call to cooperate during the health crisis.
“We agreed to continue dialogue on [the] theme of hope—especially as [the] region faces tough challenges, and tougher choices ahead,” said Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif on Twitter.
UAE officials said earlier that there were limits to a reduction of tensions. They said a real détente would only be possible once Iran changed its behavior, meaning a halt to support for proxies in Lebanon, Iraq, and Yemen and a surrender of its nuclear ambitions.
The Chinese-Gulf shadow boxing takes place against a slow-moving and seemingly troubled US and Chinese-backed Pakistani effort to mediate between Saudi Arabia and Iran.
Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan said last week without providing details that he had averted a military confrontation between the two Gulf powers. He said mediation was “making progress but slowly.”
Ms. Alamuddin’s column, coupled with Saudi Arabia’s refusal to capitalize on the pandemic as way to reduce tensions, suggests that Saudi Arabia has yet to fully embrace Mr. Khan’s efforts.
Mr. Khan’s efforts are likely to be further complicated by the disclosure last month by Pakistani law enforcement that a Baloch gang leader, who was detained in 2017, had confessed to giving “secret information and sketches regarding army installations and officials to foreign agents,” believed to be Iranians.
It was not immediately clear what prompted the disclosure.
Pakistan has long asserted that Iran and India have lent support to Baloch nationalist militants responsible for multiple attacks on military and Chinese targets in the South Asian state.
“The Iran-Pakistan border issues are mainly affected by the sectarian rivalry between Iran and Saudi Arabia. For Pakistan, this is a costly and difficult diplomatic situation at this time,” said Michael Kugelman, a South Asia scholar at the Wilson Center in Washington.
Pakistan has a vested interest in helping dial down Saudi-Iranian tensions. It takes, however, two to tango and a mediator whose efforts are not burdened by bilateral issues of his own with any of the parties.
To move the pendulum, more will be required than a regional go-between or subtle nudging. With the US likely to refrain from doing the heavy lifting, that task may be left to China. If Ms. Alamuddin is an indication, China is already discovering that changing the paradigm in the Middle East is easier said than done.
Dr. James M. Dorsey is an award-winning journalist and a senior fellow at Nanyang Technological University’s S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies in Singapore. He is also a senior research fellow at the National University of Singapore’s Middle East Institute and co-director of the University of Wuerzburg’s Institute of Fan Culture in Germany.
submitted by assousa to MiddleEast [link] [comments]


2020.08.09 09:46 neoling0 offer: Chinese(mandarin) [native] and friendship seeking: English(native)

Hello everyone, Neo's here~ l am 23M from mainland China.
l speak both Chinese and English. l am looking for a language partnepenpal who wants to learn Chinese~
l hope u r friendly and kind. l don't want to chat anything related to politics/HK/TW/Tibet/xinjiang
looking for ur PM
submitted by neoling0 to language_exchange [link] [comments]


2020.07.31 18:34 NationofChange Mike Pompeo and the push for two Cold Wars

By: Derek Royden - July 31, 2020
Read the article here: https://www.nationofchange.org/2020/07/31/mike-pompeo-and-the-push-for-two-cold-wars/
Almost unnoticed in an admittedly busy news cycle, Mike Pompeo has been doing his best to inflame already existing tensions with the People’s Republic of China. While his boss uses ‘Kung Flu’ as a loathsome campaign punchline, his Secretary of State is more concerned with egging on what is looking more and more like a new Cold War.
In a July 23rd speech at the Richard Nixon Presidential Library, instead of taking the opportunity to call for a new era of international cooperation to deal with the ongoing pandemic and other longer term issues like climate change, Pompeo demonstrated why rightwing politicians rarely make good diplomats.
“The truth is that our policies – and those of other free nations – resurrected China’s failing economy, only to see Beijing bite the international hands that were feeding it,” Pompeo said, twisting history, “We opened our arms to Chinese citizens, only to see the Chinese Communist Party exploit our free and open society. China sent propagandists into our press conferences, our research centers, our high-schools, our colleges, and even into our PTA meetings.”
These words draw from the McCarthy era playbook that is never far from the minds of neo-conservatives like Pompeo, who see a red (or Muslim) menace around every corner. At this point in time, such rhetoric also puts Chinese and other Asian Americans at risk in their everyday lives, especially as conservative media on both sides of the Atlantic are blaming the country for the pandemic rather than looking at the missteps of their own leaders in confronting it.
If we’ve learned anything from this international crisis, it’s that global supply chains, made reliant on the countries with the lowest wages, can work for a country like the United States (if not its working people) so long as there’s no national emergency. When disaster did strike, to take just one example, PPE for hospitals, the novel coronavirus showed just how dangerous relying on far away places for such necessities can be, exposing the weakness of the neoliberal economic model championed by conservatives and liberal centrists alike for decades.
Even without today’s terrifying backdrop, it’s worrying that the American right and its allies in other countries are so willing to provoke Beijing, a still growing power that has a great deal of leverage over both the global and the United States’ economy.
As Slate columnist Fred Kaplan recently wrote in regards to the latter, “It’s not a good idea for America’s top diplomat to hurl existential threats against a nation that holds $1 trillion of our debt and serves as the prime—in some cases, the sole—source of so many consumer goods, including medical products.”
It’s important to understand that the politics of the People’s Republic of China, similar to those of nearby rival Vietnam, owe at least as much to a nationalist as to a ‘Marxist-Leninist’ struggle to throw off the centuries long yoke of colonialism. We see this nationalism at work in the Chinese government’s attempts to recreate a bygone era by controlling and colonizing rather than allowing the people of Tibet and Xinjiang the right to determine their own futures.
Nationalism is also a major factor driving the tensions in the South China Sea, where China’s policy of claiming and building on what amount to piles of rocks to stake claims to this vast body of water is certainly bold. At the same time, vast numbers of American navy ships and carriers involved in provocative exercises there so far from home might also play a role in Beijing’s behavior.
There are many troubling developments in the People’s Republic that need to be followed by those who craft western foreign policy, not least of which is President Xi’s recent assumption of the role of president for life. However, the underlying economic issues, as much the result of the greed of multinational corporations as China’s authoritarian leadership, can’t be threatened away, something the Trump Administration should have learned after engaging in a trade war that is likely to hurt American farmers, among others, for many years to come.
Given license by the current president’s bombastic style, the hawks in his administration, past and present, haven’t been happy just taking the risk of creating a cold conflict with what is now the world’s largest economy in terms of purchasing power, they’ve also quietly joined the effort to continue the mostly bipartisan animosity towards the Russian Federation.
While I believe Donald Trump admires a leader like Vladimir Putin for his autocratic style, there’s no denying that his administration has been at least as tough on the country as any of his predecessors since at least the 1990s.
Brutal sanctions, some to protect North America’s shale and tar sands industries from competition with Russian natural gas in Europe, have been accompanied by dangerous withdrawals from international treaties, including breaking from the Intermediate Range Nuclear Forces treaty (INF) in 2019, an agreement that banned such weapons with a range between 300 and 3400 miles.
The landmark 1987 treaty significantly decreased the chances of a rash decision on either side or an accident that could have reduced Europe, and likely much of the world, into a heap of ashes, so of course, Pompeo and his hawkish allies in the administration trashed it.
Other sanctions punish Russia for its annexation of Crimea, long considered a vital strategic territory by the country because it allows access to the Black Sea. This has been presented in the western press in a wholly one-sided way, omitting the fact that large majorities in the area, given to Ukraine by Soviet Premier Nikita Kruschev in 1954, voted to rejoin the country in 3 referendums including the most recent one in March of 2014 after the Maiden revolution in Ukraine.
What should be a priority, protecting minority populations with legitimate fears and grievances in Crimea like the Tatars, isn’t even a part of the discussion.
In a move that is almost sure to heighten tensions between Russia and its neighbor, on June 12th, Ukraine was made an Enhanced Opportunities Partner by the Trump administration. This is NATO membership in all but name for a country whose corrupt, oligarchic and all too often fascist adjacent government could create a bigger conflict on its own at some point in the future.
Another story that received endless coverage were claims of Russian hackers accessing American, Canadian and British research into possible vaccines or treatments for the novel coronavirus.
Unfortunately, mainstream reporters never seemed to land on the most shocking aspect of the story: that this information isn’t being widely shared during a global pandemic when cooperation is the only ethical way forward. Instead, those making these claims, which the Kremlin denies, give away their true motivation, profit, by saying these are attacks on, “valuable intellectual property”.
Although it will be interesting to see how a Democratic administration might approach China, regardless of the result of the November elections, it appears the party’s leaders are going to continue to up the ante with the Russian Federation. Diplomacy would probably be more effective than continuing to push the country, which is mainly a petro-state and a shell of its pre-1989 self, into the open arms of Beijing.
Insisting on punishing the country for the mistakes of the Clinton campaign in 2016 only makes it harder to address the issues progressives care about in the Russian Federation like LGBTQ rights.
While Putin is always given credit for every Russian victory in terms of geopolitics, the better to portray him as some kind of evil mastermind, this overarching narrative misses the fact that the country’s bureaucracy seems to be in the hands of at least semi-competent people rather than a mixture of campaign donors, politicians and careerists. An easy point of comparison with Secretary Pompeo is his equivalent in Russia, Sergey Lavrov, a seasoned diplomat respected by allies and adversaries alike throughout the world.
If there was ever a time to embrace the kind of international cooperation the left has always called for, it’s during a global pandemic. Instead, the same voices who called for the failed interventions in Iraq and Libya that turned into ongoing humanitarian disasters are calling for confrontation with two major nuclear powers.
We have watched this administration battle its own scientists during this health crisis, but I’m sure that most Americans are grateful that expert voices are there to push back against the politicization of the pandemic and update the public on measures they can take to protect themselves and others as medical science catches up to the disease. If only there were such voices of reason left in the country’s mostly bipartisan foreign policy establishment.
submitted by NationofChange to u/NationofChange [link] [comments]


2020.07.26 15:56 Opening_Handle6594 Custom game as USA. How do I stay out of the Allies?

I decided I wanted a nice peaceful game where I could sit back as the USA and just nuke everyone. Everyone. Allies, Axis, Commies. Rebel militia. Even Liberia and Tibet. Is that too much to ask? Surely not. I have already done the whole micromanage WC in various forms, it becomes tedious, too much work. This time I want to just relax and enjoy watching radioactive clouds drifting around the world.
So I gamed the early war system, lowered my Neutrality, guaranteed Shanxi, and found myself at war with Japan in July 1937. Lovely. I then proceeded with my cunning master plan: Do nothing.
Not exactly true, for I was whoring IC until the last grainfield in Kansas was buried under a foot of factory floor concrete. Additionally I was priority researching all nuke related stuff and tech efficiency. Must have NUKES. Soon as possible. Lots of them. Related to this was a small and very quick invasion of Canada and Norway to get those sweet resources of Uranium and Heavy water. These speed up nuke research significantly. Can't let a few insignificant countries get in the way of my dreams of vaporizing cities.
So otherwise I did nothing. Build more IC. Some more navy and aircraft. Totally ignored the Japanese who seemed perfectly content to ignore me in return. They didn't even try to take Guam. Not that I blame them for that. Have you been to Guam? Sunny beaches, swaying palm trees, clear warm waters... just dreadful. Not a factory in sight. Well, I will change that after the war was over. I will concrete the entire island, shore to shore.
Come September1940 and I have been pumping out nuclear reactors until the night sky above Detroit glows during a power cut. I am now producing NUKES at the blissful rate of 0.2 per month and am on the verge of producing my first airborne City Sanitation device. Meanwhile I am still only at war with Japan, who is yet to join the Axis.
Did I mention I took out Denmark? Yeah, had to, in order to reach Norway's Heavy Water resource. No problem there, right? I mean, who cares about Denmark? One infantry corps and it was all over. Barely worth mentioning really. No one cares about Denmark.
Germany has been doing its German thing in Poland and France. I see no problem with that. Indeed they are good trading partners, I get a lot of supplies from Germany. Surely we can both live in peace and harmony until I decide one day to remove Berlin from the list of European cities to visit. Perhaps when they are on the verge of taking Moscow. That would be a suitably fiendish thing to do. But for the meantime the Germans are my friends. So you can imagine my surprise when Germany, FOR NO REASON AT ALL, declares WAR on the freedom loving peoples of the USA! Why cant they do the Russia invading thing with all a Blitzkreigings here and a Panzergruppenings there? THOSE ROTTEN GERMANS! Just wont fight fair!
Actually their declaration doesn't really mean anything in the bigger scheme. I can just let my garrison in Denmark do the usual death trap thing, and ignore the Germans much like I have ignored Japan. Continue upping my nuke production for the next few years and then proceed to eliminate all of civilization from the face of the Earth, all according to plan. So this is just a little hiccup. Right? Wrong.
No. By Germany declaring war on me somehow I automatically joined the Allies. I didn't get asked. I didn't get a little perfumed invitation card saying "Dear Mr USA, please join our war against those dreadful, horrible, beastly Germans, signed: The Allies" all written in fancy swirly letters. No. I was just in. Dammit. How the hell am I supposed to nuke London now? I can't!
How do I stay out of those warmongering, beastly, Allies?
Edit 1: Loaded an autosave, 3 weeks prior to the German declaration on the USA. So I declared war on the Allies, since there is a nice strategic effect of 15% research efficiency by controlling the Gulf of Mexico ( which entails taking some Allied islands ). I hoped this would throw the system so Germany would not declare War on me, the one true hope of Nuclear annihilation. Nope. About 3 weeks later, Germany did it all the same, in fact a couple of days earlier. Now here is the strange thing. I still automatically joined the Allies. Or at least I am listed as being on the Allied side in the diplomacy tab. Intrigued by this I played on a bit longer and discovered that I was still sinking Allied convoys, engaging in air combat, that I could still attack their land units and take their provinces.
Wow! With allies like me who needs enemies? I could still keep playing through this but I think the game will eventually throw a fit and start crashing. Probably just when I am on the verge of a brilliant victory won through intensive micromanagement of a host of carefully coordinated units and beautifully timed maneuvers.
Not sure what to do here since obviously its all Denmark's fault. I should have suspected those pesky Danes wouldn't fight fair. I could try loading again and declaring war on Germany rather than the Allies. But there is nothing to be gained from that and... and UBOATS! Man, I hate Uboats. I watched "Das Boot" and I still hate Uboats. Or else I could go back to a 1938 save and not invade Denmark..., probably some other way I can get Norway's Heavy Water. Ugh, all that time wasted though. I am a bit annoyed. All I wanted was a nice quiet peaceful war and then to nuke everyone into radioactive dust. But it looks like I can't even have that. Honestly, what is wrong with the world?
Edit 2: A solution was posted by FredBGC. I declare war on Germany before they declare war on me and I dont join the Allies. Not really a situation I want, yet there appears to be no other way around this other than an old reload and doing things differently.
Edit3: Okay, eventually I just decided to keep playing through. I just couldn't be bothered reloading the 38 save and having to redo all the tech over again. So I am at war with the Allies and the Axis, with the added bonus of being listed as on the Allied side despite the fact that I am at war with them. Nice. If the game crashes, so be it.
So almost one year later, mid 1941, not much has happened, as planned. The sub warfare is tedious, but not as bad as I thought it would be. I have so much IC its no problem to just pump lots of convoys to make up the losses. I have got two nukes, and am now producing 0.3 per month. A few observations, for anyone who is interested: The Axis continue their pointless attacks into the Denmark death trap. 10:1 casualty ratios are not uncommon. This puzzles me since the AI is usually reluctant to attack unless it has favorable odds, as I am sure many players have witnessed on the Eastern front and elsewhere. But there seems to be something special about the Denmark straits ( and the straits between Sicily and Italy ) which compels the AI to commit mass suicide over and over again. Its almost as if this is somehow hard coded into the game engine.
Then there is the matter of the mysteriously straying fighter wings. Of course the AI tries to bomb the Denmark defenders, so of course I set a wing to flying intercept over their heads, to that province only . Until I discover a little later they are now flying intercept a couple of provinces south over Kiel and are getting slaughtered. So I pull them out, put in a fresh wing, and discover that yes, a little while later, these guys have decided to fly intercept over Kiel as well. Yes. They are set one province, not an area, but they still stray. I will try the air superiority mission instead.
Strategic bombing is fairly useless as far as reducing enemy's resources. Perhaps it gets better later with higher tech, but right now its hardly worth the effort. I have 30 strat bombers rotating around Japan. They take so much damage from Japanese AA only about 1/4 of them are effectively bombing at one time. I work my way across Japan, reducing any province with IC or resources, by the time I come back on a second cycle the original cities have more or less recovered ( other than their IC which does lag behind ). Japanese NU is down to about 48%, but that would also be the effect of sub warfare from mid 1937 ( which was just absolute slaughter ) and spies lowering NU. Effectively Japan has been beaten and bombed down to a level comparable to August 1945, imo, so it will be interesting to see if 2 nukes is enough to force their surrender, which requires roughly another 20 drop in NU.
I will keep updating this with any relevant information or observations.
Edit 4: Now its late October 1941. I have 3 nukes. I am getting a little tired of the otherwise beaten Japanese navy sending out subs onto my convoys, so I decide to introduce their nation to the joys of inhaling isotopes. Their NU is already down to the low 40's. All their Pacific islands have fallen, along with Formosa ( Taiwan ). The Chinese have pushed them back in Manchuria. Their industry is destroyed. I dont think they have any convoys left other than a couple of sampans ferrying fish heads up the Iwaki river. Their navy has less power projection than my rubber ducky. One or two nukes and surely it will be the end for them. I send a SB over Tokyo. EAT URANIUM! Wow. Their capital's main economic resource is now glass.
Japan's NU drops by..... 8%.
You must be fucking kidding me. 8%? Did the bomb get mildew or something? So I nuke Osaka. That drops them another..wait for it...6%. Yeah, stunning, aint it? I am still 2% shy of a surrender. So I drop my last nuke on Hiroshima. For historical accuracy. Another 6%. Wow, these nukes are just so devastating, almost as good as running spy missions for 6 months. Certainly worth the massive Tech and IC investment. So now I finally do get the "enforced conquest on Japan". Guess what? Nothing changes. Japan is still there. Even their home garrisons are still there. I control a total of ZERO provinces in Japan.
In previous games I have done the whole "invade Japan" with land units, take the key VPs, enforce conquest, and always the whole of japan will be flipped to my control, all their home island units will vanish, although their other forces will fight on in whatever land or puppets they still occupy outside their home islands. They will even rebase naval and air units to Germany eventually. But I did not expect this non-event. This means I still have to invade Japan. Three nukes for nothing. This whole "nuke 'em" game goal now seems to be an exercise in pointlessness. Okay, I will take Tokyo with marines and see if that changes anything.
Edit 5: The Marines land in Tokyo. Nothing changes. The rest of Japan is still controlled by them. Japan now appears as a GiE. Their entire army is still intact. In other words by nuking them into surrender in this manner I have made taking Japan more of chore than just launching a conventional invasion. Well. What a waste of time. I am not progressing with this just to see the same nonsense happen again elsewhere.
It could be that I have just screwed up the game by going so far off the historical rails it cant handle these circumstances. Case in point, I am still listed as on the allied side, can see all their units around the world, have the "send expeditionary force" option listed, even though I am at war with them, can attack their units and can take their provinces.
I am going to abandon this game now. Maybe try again from the 38 save. For anyone who read this far, thanks for sharing my rant.
submitted by Opening_Handle6594 to paradoxplaza [link] [comments]


2020.07.25 08:36 SeriousPuppet Do flippers ever lose money?

It seems that we only see the success stories. And if you watch those shows on HGTV it seems they only ever make money.
I would love to hear some non-success stories...
Do you know anyone that has ever lost money trying to flip? What are the reasons/causes of losing money? Maybe they overpaid; maybe there were some "hidden expenses" that they didn't see before buying; maybe the market tanked as they were going to sell; maybe their business partner had a change of heart and moved to Tibet to become a monk... idk... I'd love to know.
I have the resources to dip my toe in flipping, but it almost seems to good to be true. I would love to hear of real failures and the reasons. I have owned a couple rentals and done quite a bit of remodeling, so I have a little experience, but have never done a real flip. But it's tempting to try.
submitted by SeriousPuppet to RealEstate [link] [comments]


2020.07.22 03:15 closingfast [Diplomacy] Founding of the Eurasian Mutual Security and Cooperation Organization

The Eurasian Mutual Security and Cooperation Organization; if everyone joins anyway
Following recent events that have demonstrated that the world is a much more dangerous place than we had previously thought, China has decided to take the lead on the construction of a new international organization; designed to do for Eurasia what NATO and the EU has done for Europe; and promote peace and prosperity throughout the globe. This new organization shall be called the Eurasian Mutual Security and Cooperation Organization; and will supersede both the Shanghai Cooperation Organization and the Collective Security Treaty Organization in Eurasia--both of which new members of EMSCO must withdraw from before entering EMSCO.

Nations invited to become founding members, observers, and global partners are the following:

MEMBERS:

OBSERVERS:

GLOBAL PARTNERS:

Charter of the Eurasian Mutual Security and Cooperation Organization
The states parties to the Treaty on Mutual Security and Economic Cooperation (hereinafter-- “the treaty”), which establishes the Eurasian Mutual Security and Cooperation Organization [hereinafter--”the organization”],
Acting in strict accordance with their obligations under the Charter of the United Nations and the decisions of the United Nations Security Council, and guided by the universally recognized principles of international law,
Seeking to establish favourable and stable conditions for the full development of the States Parties to the Treaty and to ensure their economic development, security, sovereignty and territorial integrity,
Determined further to develop and intensify their military and political cooperation inthe interests of ensuring and strengthening national, regional and international security,
Setting themselves the objective of maintaining and nurturing a close and comprehensive alliance in the foreign policy, economic, military and military technology fields and in the sphere of countering national and transnational challenges and threats to the security of States and peoples,
Guided by their intention to enhance the effectiveness of their activities within the framework of the Treaty,
Have agreed on the following:
Article I.
The Parties undertake, as set forth in the Charter of the United Nations, to settle any international dispute in which they may be involved by peaceful means in such a manner that international peace and security and justice are not endangered, and to refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force in any manner inconsistent with the purposes of the United Nations.
Article II.
The Parties will contribute toward the further development of peaceful and friendly international relations by strengthening their institutions, by bringing about a better understanding of the principles upon which these institutions are founded, and by promoting conditions of stability and well-being. They will seek to eliminate conflict in their international economic policies and will encourage economic collaboration between any or all of them.
Article III.
In order more effectively to achieve the objectives of this Treaty, the Parties, separately and jointly, by means of continuous and effective self-help and mutual aid, will maintain and develop their individual and collective capacity to resist armed attack. All full members of the treaty pledge to devote at least 2% of their GDP to defense; and to fund a share of the collective budget of the organization; agreed upon by the organization.
Article IV.
The Parties will consult together whenever, in the opinion of any of them, the territorial integrity, political independence or security of any of the Parties is threatened.
Article V.
The Parties agree that an armed attack against one or more of them in Eurasia shall be considered an attack against them all and consequently they agree that, if such an armed attack occurs, each of them, in exercise of the right of individual or collective self-defense recognized by Article 51 of the Charter of the United Nations, will assist the Party or Parties so attacked by taking forthwith, individually and in concert with the other Parties, such action as it deems necessary, including the use of armed force, to restore and maintain the security of the Eurasian Area.
Any such armed attack and all measures taken as a result thereof shall immediately be reported to the Security Council. Such measures shall be terminated when the Security Council has taken the measures necessary to restore and maintain international peace and security .
Article VI.
Membership in the treaty shall be divided into tiers amounting to at least three, with the treaty organization reserving the right to create additional partnerships and initiatives below the status of observer and full member.
Full members shall enjoy all the provisions of this treaty, including the mutual defense agreement. No full member may restrict purchase of weapons by any other full member beyond restrictions imposed universally [note: In essence, most-favoured-nation-status for arms imports]. No full member may restrict the entrance of the nationals of other full members beyond those of other nations, nor privilege other nations with more trade rights than those of other full members. Full members shall seek to form a unified trade bloc and customs union at the soonest opportunity; incorporating the greatest number of participating nations possible. Full members shall not be permitted to enter into new mutual defense agreements, nor allow new foreign bases, without unanimous approval of all member states. Full members must be located on the continent of Eurasia; and have previously been observers for at least two years.
Observers shall be able to observe and participate in all meetings of the organization, but not vote. They shall enjoy privileged economic relations with the full members of the organization and shall have the right to participate in military exercises with the organization, as well as sending armed forces to join organization interventions and missions, including those conducted under the mutual-defence provisions of the treaty. Observers must be located on the continent of Eurasia.
Global partners may come from any region of the world, and are entitled to observe meetings by request and/or invitation, as well as participating in military exercises by request and/or invitation. They shall enjoy favorable economic relations with members of the organization, and, subject to request or invitation, be able to send forces to join organization interventions and missions.
Member states may withdraw from global partner status at any time, may withdraw from observer status with 90 days of notice, and may withdraw from full member status with two years of notice.
Article VII.
This Treaty does not affect, and shall not be interpreted as affecting in any way the rights and obligations under the Charter of the Parties which are members of the United Nations, or the primary responsibility of the Security Council for the maintenance of international peace and security; no shall it be interpreted as affecting in any way rights and obligations carried under membership in other international organizations or treaties.
Article VIII.
Each Party declares that none of the international engagements now in force between it and any other of the Parties or any third State is in conflict with the provisions of this Treaty, and undertakes not to enter into any international engagement in conflict with this Treaty.
This treaty’s mutual-defense clauses shall not be construed as applying to any current disputes; including, but not limited to, Kashmir, Sir Creek, the South China Sea, South Tibet, and Chinese Taipei.
Article IX.
The Parties hereby establish a Council, on which each of them shall be represented, to consider matters concerning the implementation of this Treaty. The Council shall be so organised as to be able to meet promptly at any time. The Council shall set up such subsidiary bodies as may be necessary; in particular it shall establish immediately a defence committee which shall recommend measures for the implementation of Articles 3 and 5. All votes regarding matters of budget, organization, and general affairs shall be decided by simple majority. Questions of full membership, observer status, suspension and termination of membership, and international intervention not in line with Article V shall be decided by supermajority of two-thirds.
Article X.
Official languages of the organization established by this treaty shall consist of:
Chinese [Mandarin]
Urdu
Russian
Farsi
English
Arabic [Modern Standard]
Turkish
Bengali
The working language of the organization shall be English.
submitted by closingfast to Geosim [link] [comments]


2020.07.22 03:14 Bevans-12 [Diplomacy] South Asian Belt & Road Bonanza! 经济帝国主义的另一个名字

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China (中华人民共和国外交部)

Chaoyang District, Beijing, China
 
Bangladesh, Myanmar, Laos and Cambodia have long been strong economic, diplomatic and military partners with China, with all the nations mentioned signing cooperation deals in these areas and seeking Chinese investments to improve their economies; either through direct investment into industries or infrastructure development projects. Furthermore, these countries largely constitute China's strongest areas of influence in the South and South East Asian spheres, and thus it is crucial that we consolidate our presence in these nations and redouble our efforts to ensure our relationships, both politician and economic, with them are developed and resilient. Consequently, China will approach these nations with a variety of investment, loans and Belt & Road Initiative offers, hoping to improve infrastructure in these nations to solidify our ties (especially economic) with them. Nevertheless, these initiatives will also undoubtedly aid China's economy, stimulating its construction industry and increasing its connectivity to South Asia through projects such as the BCIM Economic Corridor.
 
We hope the nations receiving these offers, who have enjoyed long, fruitful and deep friendship with the People's Republic of China, graciously accept our offer and that these investments, loans and initiatives go further to solidifying the alliances and bonds between our nations.
 

BANGLADESH

 
Bangladesh is a country China has had historically strong ties with, since the birth of the nation in 1971. We seek to deepen our relationship into a truly cast-iron friendship, with the Sino-Bangladeshi bond being able to withstand all obstacles. We propose a large number of measures and initiatives to truly solidify this relationship. Firstly, lending to the sizable Chinese diaspora in the Bangladeshi capital, Dhaka and its second city, Chittagong, along with the historical ties between our nations, we propose the creation of the Sino-Bangladeshi Friendship Society. China will open a Cultural Consulate in Dhaka, and we offer prime real estate for Bangladesh to open a Cultural Consulate itself in Beijing, which we will offer to subsidise if necessary. The Consulates will foster the advertisement of the society, which will offer cultural exchange programmes such as language lessons, national food tasting, and other cultural programmes.
 
We also seek to offer Bangladesh several lucrative investment deals, which we hope it will find most profitable and attractive:
 
  • It has been noted by many engineers and economic prospectors that Bangladesh has great potential for Wind energy, and with the nation's current struggles regarding energy, China proposes a profitable deal to construct several wind farms on the islands and southern coastal belt of Bangladesh. It has been noted that the strong wind speeds in this area has amazing potential for electricity generation, and thus China offers an investment of $600mn for the construction of three wind farms in the aforementioned area. China is willing to fully finance this project through the Belt and Road Initiative, using a 15-year fixed-term loan with a 5-year grace period and a 2 percent interest rate. In exchange, we hope the Bangladeshi government will choose Chinese construction firms and allow them to hire Chinese engineersengineers to facilitate the completion of this project.
  • Bangladesh's ports have been suffering as of late from congestion due to the great economic activity of the country, especially in trade. The Port of Chittagong, one of the busiest ports in the Bay of Bengal, is suffering from problems of congestion. Moreover, the port handles 90% of Bangladesh's trade, and is one of the oldest in the world. Thus, as a part of China's Belt and Road initiative, we would like to offer Bangladesh a $600mn loan in the expansion of this port, to ensure its full economic potential and capacity can be met. On the agenda would be the construction of six new Container Berths, four new General Cargo Berths, two new Container terminal and a new Industrial terminal too. China is willing to fully finance this project through the Belt and Road Initiative, using a 22-year fixed-term loan with a 5-year grace period and a 2 percent interest rate. In exchange, China would like Bangladesh to contract Chinese companies and engineers to aid in this expansion project
  • Finally, following on from the topic of ports, the Bangladeshi government has recently been interested in the development of deep sea artificial port of Matarbari, which has truly brilliant potential to be a regional hub in the Bay of Bengal lending to its prime location. At the first stage, the port will contain one 300 meter long multipurpose terminal and one 460 meter long container terminal. To aid in this project, China is willing to lend Bangladesh $200mn dollars for the construction of this port. China is willing to fully finance this project through the Belt and Road Initiative, using a 15-year fixed-term loan with a 5-year grace period and a 2 percent interest rate. In exchange (as before) for Bangladesh using Chinese firms and engineers for this project. We hope that these two port projects will enable Bangladesh to rise as a regional maritime giant in the Bay of Bengal and Indian Ocean.
 

MYANMAR

 
China and Myanmar enjoy a strong bond, and have done for centuries. Our two countries share linguistic links, and largely a shared history in our shared region. The friendship between our countries is without question, and we would seek to enrich Myanmar in a variety of ways to boost its already considerable economic growth forecast.
 
Firstly, China wishes to give significant funds to Myanmar for the renovation and modernisation of its infrastructure network, whether it be roads, bridges or rail lines, it is crucial that the country's infrastructure is modern and well-suited to the economic potential of Myanmar. Consequently, we extend an offer of $400mn dollars total to Myanmar for this infrastructure renovation campaign, in the form of BRI loans using a 15-year fixed-term loan with a 5-year grace period and a 1.5% interest rate, as well as one direct grant sum of $100mn.
 
Furthermore, China has noted Myanmar's extremely lucrative potential for energy production and exportation. Already, the nation is a large energy exporter, a fact China would seek to consolidate and expand upon, so that Myanmar becomes a regional giant for energy production. Despite Myanmar's status as a net energy exporter, many of its citizens lack access to electricity, especially in rural areas, with an extremely low electrification rate (57%). We hope these investments in energy will greatly boost Myanmar's efforts to electrify its countryside, and provide a huge boost for the nation's current economy.
 
  • Firstly, China is very interested in restarting the currently suspended Myitsone Dam, an ambitious hydroelectricity project with great potential for energy production (around 6,000MW!). We urge Myanmar to restart this project, and to incentivise them will provide a generous loan/grant programme of investments to facilitate the construction of this dam. If constructed, the dam will be amongst the largest hydroelectric power stations in the world, lending Myanmar a great economic boost. We offer a generous, extremely low interest loan, for the construction of the dam, amount to around $1 billion dollars. The remaining of the construction cost, around $2.6 billion, will be fully covered by the China Power Investment Corporation in exchange for discounted energy exports to China from the project over the next two decades, totaling $2.85 billion. We hope that in exchange Myanmar hires Chinese companies and engineers to construct this programme for them, which will benefit Myanmar as a regional energy hub immensely.
  • Secondly, China has great interest in the Tasang Dam, and whilst great progress has been made on the dam, construction has recently stalled to an extent. Thus, China will offer a low interest loan of $1.5bn to finish the project on time in late 2022, to the highest standards with the most modern hydroelectricity technology, in exchange for Chinese construction companies, such as Sinohydro Corporation, undertaking this. We expect this to increase the capacity of the dam by around 400MW overall.
  • Finally, China would like to extend an offer to Myanmar of significant investment in their oil and natural gas sector, with a delegation of 50 businessmen and government economic advisors being sent to Naypyidaw to discuss these opportunities in depth. China is prepared to invest over $1 billion dollars in Myanmar’s somewhat underdeveloped oil and natural gas industry. Of particular interest to us is the modernisation and expansion of the Yenangyaung oil field, and we would like to hear Myanmar’s thoughts on this.
 

LAOS

 
China and Laos have enjoyed a long and fruitful relationship over many decades, being regional partners and sharing close ties together, especially in the quest for socialism. It is with this in mind that China chose to make significant infrastructural and general economic investments into Laos. Already, it has constructed a High Speed Rail line in Laos connecting Vientiane and Boten last year.
 
We seek to redouble our investments in Laotian Infrastructure and their economy. Consequently, we will be offering $180mn to Laos in grants to renovate and modernise their roads, bridges, and other crucial infrastructure, which will prove crucial to any future growth Laos will experience. We will provide contracts from Chinese companies to accommodate this, and ask that Chinese engineers are able conduct this maintenance work, as Laos may struggle to do it themselves due to their unfortunate lack of skilled engineers and construction personnel
 
China is also interested in expanding Laos’ domestic rail lines, and offers to loan it funds (with an interest rate of only around 1%) to construct the Vientiane to Pakse line, linking up two of the most important cities in the country. This project is expected to cost roughly $4 billion dollars, of which we will offer to fund 3.5 billion as an 18-year fixed term loan at 1% interest, and 500mn in direct grant infrastructural aid. In return, we ask Chinese construction companies and engineers will be able to construct this rail line.
 

CAMBODIA

 
Cambodia and China enjoy a wonderfully deep and developed relationship, both economic and political, with Chinese economic investments flooding into Cambodia, and Cambodia supporting China on many crucial geopolitical and international issues. China would like to offer Cambodia a number of BRI initiatives to grow its economy, and to better integrate it into the increasingly emerging economic giant of South East Asia:
 
  • Firstly, China will be offering significant BRI funds to Cambodia in order for it renovate their roads, bridges, and other crucial infrastructure, with a particular focus on paving currently unpaved roads. We extend an offer of $400mn dollars total to Cambodia for this infrastructure renovation project, in the form of BRI loans using a 15-year fixed-term loan with a 5-year grace period and a 1.5 percent interest rate, as well as one direct grant sum of $40mn. We will provide contracts from Chinese companies to accommodate this, and would ask Chinese engineers are able to conduct this renovation work. Railways, roads, etc will be the main focus of this project, as we seek to bring Cambodia up to modern infrastructural standards found across South East Asia. We especially recommend a modernisation and renovation of the Sihanouk to Phnom Penh line, the importance of which will be detailed below.
  • China also proposes the development of the Sihanouk port, a rather small Cambodian port leading into the Gulf of Thailand. With enough investment and expansion, the Sinhanouk port has the potential to become a regional player for Cambodia in the Gulf of Thailand area. Sihanoukville, then nearby town, is also a tourist hotspot with extraordinary growth potential. Its with picturesque beaches and islands dotted around contribute to its beautiful scenery. China predicts the expansion of the Sihanouk port could open the southern coast of Cambodia up to a great deal of economic prosperity. China will offer BRI Loans for this project, amounting to around $200 million, at a 2.5% interest rate, utilising a 15-year fixed-term loan with a 5-year grace period.
  • Finally, to increase connectivity to the rest of inner Cambodia, China also offers will offer further BRI loans in an effort to link the cities of Phnom Penh and Siem Reap together with a modern rail line. China will also offer a smaller connection to run from Siem Reap to Sisophon, further increasing the connectivity of the Cambodian economy (especially to the greater South East Asian economic area). We expect this project to cost around $2.25 billion dollars, and offer to BRI loans with an interest rate of 1.75%, with a 18-year fixed-term loan and a 6-year grace period. Moreover, to sweeten the deal we will offer $150mn in direct grant aid to kickstart this rail project.
 

THE BCIM CORRIDOR

 
We wish make a major Belt & Road Initiative offer to Bangladesh, India and Myanmar, concerning the BCIM Economic Corridor, which will undoubtedly dramatically increase the connectivity of China to the nations we offer this lucrative infrastructure opportunity to. Famous economist Rehman Sobhan, himself of Bangladeshi origins, spearheaded an initiative in the 90s to drive forward the BCIM, creating a regional infrastructure hub in Upper South Asia. The corridor could potentially be the first major infrastructure connection between China and India, and will undoubtedly provide the impoverished regions of Bangladesh, and Myanmar much-needed connectivity to the economic giants of China and India. North East India, otherwise known as the 'seven sister states' is one of the most isolated and least economically-stimulated regions in India. Bangladesh is, in contrast, one of the most densely populated countries in the world, with numerous standard of living issues. A major highway project connecting Dhaka (one of the world's largest urban centres) to a regional Asian market such as the Seven Sister States and Myanmar would greatly enrich Bangladesh. The route for the BCIM corridor will be as follows:
 

ROUTE

 
The corridor highway is designed to follow pre-existing road routes in many areas, which will provide economic enrichment to many of the impoverished rural communities of Myanmar, Bangladesh and the Seven Sister States of India, and allow the large urban centres this highway reaches to spread their economic prosperity to these regions. The route and region in question contains many isolated communities with great economic potential, and we expect that by linking these areas in a strong regional infrastructure project we can reinvigorate this area and tap into its expansive economic potential, which will benefit China, Myanmar, India and Bangladesh.
 
The total cost of this corridor is expected to be around $22 billion dollars. Given the economic state of some of the nations in question (especially Bangladesh and Myanmar), China offers to foot the majority of the cost in the construction of the highway, but wishes for Myanmar, Bangladesh and India to contribute proportionate amounts of funding and labour, which will not only aid in increasing the speed of completion of the project, but will also inject much needed economic stimulus into these nation's economies. China requests Myanmar and Bangladesh contribute $1 billion dollars to this project, and India $3 billion, with China footing the rest of the rather significant bill. This highway is a noble goal to rejuvenate a long forgotten and neglected corner of the world, which has unfairly not been given enough attention.
 
Whilst great potential also exists for special Industrial and Development zones to be created inside this corridor, which China is excited to foster and sponsor, we will wait for Bangladesh, India and Myanmar to give full approval and proportionate funding commitments first.
 

NEPAL

(M: This section was wholly written by Dek, so full credit to him for this amazing bit of writing!)
 
Since the collapse of the Kingdom of Nepal in the 2000s, relations between India and Nepal have become increasingly strained, culminating in the 2015 Nepal Blockade, where Indian-backed protestors in the Terai region of Nepal blockaded the major border crossings between the two countries, leading to major food and fuel shortages within Nepal. These strained relations, coupled with the Maoist and Socialist politics espoused by the ruling parties of Nepal, have led Nepal to seek better relations with its only other neighbor: China. Of course, China is all too happy to oblige.
 
Currently, Nepal has almost no rail network to speak of: the only railway in the country is a short, 47km long, 762mm gauge railway connecting the small Nepali town of Amlekhganj to India. As the country’s economy has rapidly grown over the past decade of stability, trade with its two neighbors has been severely limited by the lack of infrastructure capable of handling significant volumes of traffic. This has turned the mountain nation into a battleground for both Indian and Chinese rail construction firms, with both countries hoping to secure the projects for their companies.
 
Fortunately, with Nepal’s 2019 announcement that it will be using China’s standard 1435mm gauge rather than India’s broad 1676mm gauge, it seems as though China has secured the contract for rail construction within the country. With the completion of the Shigatse-Gyirong rail line successfully bringing the Chinese rail network just to the China-Nepal border, the time has finally come to hash out the details of the Nepalese side of the project.
 
Stretching from Kathmandu to the China-Nepal border, the Nepali section of the China-Nepal Railway is slated to be one of the world’s engineering marvels. Only 72km long, the topography of the Himalayas requires some 98.5 percent of the project to consist of tunnels or bridges, bringing the cost for the entire project up to 3 billion USD. China is willing to fund about 10 percent of this project through a direct grant, while the remaining 2.7b will be borne by Nepal. Financing is available through the BRI in the form of a 20-year loan with a 5-year grace period and a 3 percent interest rate. Once started, this section of the railway will finish in five years.
 
The China-Nepal railway is just one part of the proposed rail network for Nepal. An additional 1100km of track will connect the capital of Kathmandu to the low-lying Terai, where it will then run the length of the country from east to west. Spur routes will connect to the Indian rail network at Gadda Chauki, Nepalgunj, Nautanwa, Raxaul, Jaynagar, Jogbani, and Kakarvitta, with gauge transfers at those points to be facilitated by dry ports. In total, this additional rail route is estimated to cost about 3.3b USD. China is, again, willing to finance 10 percent of this through grants, with the remaining 90 percent coming in the form of a BRI loan matching the terms of the China-Nepal Railway loan. Both projects will be built by China Railway Construction Corporation using Chinese designers/engineers and Nepali labor. This project will also take five years to complete.
 
While these loans are large for a country of Nepal’s size, the importance of this project to the Nepali economy cannot be understated. First, it would allow Nepal to serve as a major logistics hub for India-China trade (currently, there are no other rail routes with regular service connecting the two countries, though rail expansions in Myanmar may change that). Bilateral trade between the two countries hit 120b USD in 2018, and is expected to increase over the next several decades. Second, it will open up new markets for Nepalese goods. Currently, almost all Nepalese imports and exports are forced to route through India, which makes up about 50 percent of Nepalese exports and 70 percent of its imports. The construction of this rail route will allow Nepal to not only diversify its trade to China, but will also grant access to new markets like Russia, Japan, Southeast Asia, and South Korea, dramatically improving economic development within the country.
 
Many of Nepal’s roads are also in horrible condition since the 2015 earthquake, as the government has struggled to raise the requisite funds to repair them. As a show of good faith, China would like to offer Nepal a 300m USD grant to finance these repairs, which should help spur growth in the country.
 

India

(M: This section was wholly written by Dek, so full credit to him for this amazing bit of writing!)
 
Despite recent tensions between India and China, we remain interested in completing a previously discussed, but never officially started, project to connect the Indian and Chinese rail networks. This proposed rail linkage would connect Shigatse in Tibet to Darjeeling in India (and from there, to the wider rail networks of both countries) through the pass of Nathu La. This would allow for an expansion of India-China trade over the next decade, as it would create a direct rail connection between the two. Since India is not part of the Belt and Road Initiative, China is not willing to make BRI funding available for this (though India is welcome to join to gain access to BRI funding).
We would like to discuss Indian interest in the process before going into specifics on costs and such.
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2020.07.16 14:12 closingfast [Event] (Military) School of the World

The PLA has announced today plans to open an entire network of training centers focused on teaching military and security forces from across the globe tactics, leadership, logistics, combat skills, mathematics, literature, [S] oppression, coup d'etat,[\S] and all the other essential things one needs in this line of work. While the PLA is not presently known for its skills in this area, we hope to develop a global reputation for being the best at what we do [S] by plagiarizing American teaching materials [\S], which will be enhanced by other training and education reforms that we will be implementing in our own armed forces in the near future.

Tuition will be free, and living expenses provided for by the Chinese government. Applicants can come from any country who requests and receives permission to send them. We will select only the most promising applicants for a whole variety of courses, ranging from short special-forces training camps to full military academy training.

In this network will be the following training centers:
Primary:

Secondary:

Special invitations will shortly be extended to key Chinese partners to send applicants, and promote defense ties and help build a more stable and peaceful world. The whole operation is expected to commence in 2023, concurrent with our general reforms to military academies, exercises, and training.
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2020.07.10 20:52 Fragile-Glass AITA for kicking my sister out our dad's house because she's wasn't planning on leaving?

Basically my dad has gone on a 5 year spiritual journey in Tibet. Honestly I don't what that actually entails and why it would take 5 years but great for him. He contacts us every two months or so for a check up and since he'll be gone for so long, he left me in charge of the house. Cool, it's better than paying rent and it's a nice house so I didn't mind and moved in with my gf. A couple months ago my sister was laid off so she and her fiance (then boyfriend) asked to stay till they were up on their feet. Didn't mind that either since she's my sister and all so I let them in. It's been fun and they have been contributing their share but it wasn't supposed to be permanent. Last week while we were celebrating the 4th, her fiance proposed to her with a replica of our mother's ring. Awesome, another thing to celebrate.
The next morning we were chilling outside and I asked him how he managed to find a replica and he said that he couldn't find one so he got it made especially for her. Over $7500. A large amount of money to spend for someone who's partner got laid off. I spoke to my gf and we were discussing what to do when the two off them started talking about them getting married later this year and having children soon after. That's when I subtly asked where they're planning to move to after the wedding and she just laughed and said there's a ton of space here so there's no problem revolving living situation. This kinda pissed me off but I tried to be civil and said eventually they'll need to move out because we also needed space. She said something about it not being my decision to make it being dad's house and that she'll stay until dad says otherwise (funny that my decision only mattered when it was about letting her stay with us but anyways. So I gave her two weeks to move out which she didn't take seriously at all. Luckily her fiance understands and he told me that they'll be gone by next week even. I love my sister but not enough to share the house with her and her up and coming family. So am I the asshole for kicking out my sister?
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2020.07.04 01:38 boo909 The Bear Lake Monster of Utah

The Myth
Many years ago when the Mormons first came to Bear Lake, and began mingling with the Indians, they noticed the Red men always avoided the lake when possible, and became very much alarmed at the whites when they went boating or bathing, on or in the lake. The white people wondered what could be the reason for their fear, so one day they inquired of one of the Indians, who told them the following legend of the Bear Lake monster: It was the custom of their forefathers to go bathing, and fishing in the lake. It sometimes happened, that some of them would not return. In some mysterious way, which the Indians could not understand, they were taken away. One day a large monster was seen to rise out of the water and catch one of the braves, while bathing in the lake. Often after this it was seen by the Indians at different places in the lake. So the story was handed down from their forefathers. Always the Indians remembered the silence, the waiting, the longing for the Indian braves who never returned to their wigwams. True to their memories and the fear of some command given by the chiefs, the Indians never entered the shimmering waters of the lake. Long they watched for the monster’s return and even now feel that when the buffalo return to their old hunting grounds and feed in their old haunts, that the Bear Lake monster in all his fury and strength will return (Young Ladies’ Mutual Improvement Association, 1917, p271).
The Shoshone explained the presence of the Bear Lake Monster as the result of a forbidden love between a Sioux warrior and lovely Bannock lady (the Bannock are another tribe closely related to the Shoshone) and the subsequent intervention of the Great Spirit.
The Hoax
Joseph C. Rich was a prominent and well respected figure in the early Mormon settlement of Utah, he was a big shot in the Church of Latter Day Saints, an aspiring Journalist and he also had an established reputation as a humorist and prankster. The July 27, 1868 issue of The Deseret News printed Rich’s account of his “research” into the Bear Lake Monster, and a Bear Lake Monster flap ensued.
All lakes, caves and dens have their legendary histories. Tradition loves to throw her magic wand over beautiful dells and lakes and people them with fairies, giants and monsters of various kinds. Bear Lake has also its monster tale to tell, and when I have told it, I will leave you to judge whether or not its merits are merely traditionary. The Indians say there is a monster animal which lives in the Lake that has captured and carried away Indians while in the Lake swimming; but they say it has not been seen by them for many years, not since the buffalo inhabited the valley. They represent it as being of the serpent kind, but having legs about eighteen inches long on which they sometimes crawl out of the water a short distance on the shore. They also say it spurts water upwards out of its mouth. Since the settlement of this valley several persons have reported seeing a huge animal of some kind that they could not describe; but such persons have generally been alone when they saw it, and but little credence have been attached to the matter, and until this summer the “monster question” had about died out. About three weeks ago Mr. S. M. Johnson, who lives on the east side of the lake at a place called South Eden was going to the Round Valley settlement, six miles to the South of this place and when about half way he saw something in the lake which at the time, he thought to be a drowned person. The road being some little distance from the water’s edge he rode to the beach and the waves were running pretty high. He thought it would soon wash into shore. In a few minutes two or three feet of some kind of an animal that he had never seen before were raised out of the water. He did not see the body, only the head and what he supposed to be part of the neck. It had ears or bunches on the side of its head nearly as large as a pint cup. The waves at times would dash over its head, when it would throw water from its mouth or nose. It did not drift landward, but appeared stationary, with the exception of turning its head. Mr. Johnson thought a portion of the body must lie on the bottom of the lake or it would have drifted with the action of the water. This is Mr. Johnson’s version as he told me. The next day an animal of a monster kind was seen near the same place by a man and three women, who said it was swimming when they first saw it. They represented [it] as being very large, and say it swam much faster than a horse could run on land. These recent discoveries again revived the “monster question.” Those who had seen it before brought in their claims anew, and many people began to think the story was not altogether moonshine. On Sunday last as N. C. Davis and Allen Davis, of St. Charles, and Thomas Slight and J. Collings of Paris, with six women, were returning from Fish Haven, when about midway from the latter named place to St. Charles their attention was suddenly attracted to a peculiar motion or wave in the water, about three miles distant. The lake was not rough, only a little disturbed by a light wind. Mr. Slight says he distinctly saw the sides of a very large animal that he would suppose to be not less than ninety feet in length. Mr. Davis don’t think he (Davis) saw any part of the body, but is positive it must have been not less than 40 feet in length, judging by the wave it rolled upon both sides of it as it swam, and the wake it left in the rear. It was going South, and all agreed that it swam with a speed almost incredible to their senses. Mr. Davis says he never saw a locomotive travel faster, and thinks it made a mile a minute, easy. In a few minutes after the discovery of the first, a second one followed in its wake; but it seemed to be much smaller, appearing to Mr. Slight about the size of a horse. A large one, in all, and six small ones had [sic: “hied?”] southward out of sight. One of the large ones before disappearing made a sudden turn to the west, a short distance; then back to its former track. At this turn Mr. Slight says he could distinctly see it was of a brownish color. They could judge somewhat of their speed by observing known distances on the other side of the lake, and all agree that the velocity with which they propelled themselves through the water was astonishing. They represent the waves that rolled up in front and on each side of them as being three feet high from where they stood. This is substantially their statement as they told me. Messrs. Davis and Slight are prominent men, well known in this country, and all of them are reliable persons whose veracity is undoubted. I have no doubt they would be willing to make affidavits to their statement. There you have the monster story so far as completed, but I hope it will be concluded by the capture of one sometime. If so large an animal exists in this altitude and in so small a lake, what could it be? It must be something new under the sun, the scriptural text to the contrary, not withstanding. Is it fish, flesh or serpent, amphibious and fabulous or a great big fish, or what is it? Give it up but have hopes of someday seeing it, if it really exists, and I have no reason to doubt the above statements. Here is an excellent opportunity for some company to bust Barnum on a dicker for the monster, if they can only catch one; already some of our settlers talk of forming a joint stock arrangement and what they can do to the business (J.C.R [presumably Joseph C. Rich], Deseret News, July 27, 1868).
Rich was living on the Idaho side of Bear Lake, which at the time was considered “the Boondocks”, since most of the action was happening in Salt Lake City to the south. Rich was 27 years old in 1868 and in courting a young lady from a prominent Salt Lake City family, who had not consented to marry him as she was a city girl, and didn’t relish the idea of moving to the more rural Bear Lake area. If Rich wanted to get the girl, he needed to put Bear Lake on the map, so to speak. And thus began the era of the Bear Lake Monster hoax. The Millennial Star, the longest continuously published periodical of the Church of Latter Day Saints (1840-1970), published out of Manchester, England, repeatedly mentioned additional sightings of the Bear Lake Monster from 1868 to about 1880.
A common thread ran through the reports, the Rich family were often mentioned. Joseph Rich himself suggested that perhaps the famous P.T. Barnum could try to capture the creature and charge the public for viewing. Rich also made several tongue in cheek statements, saying things like the Monster was “absolutely essential to keep the fish from overrunning the country”.
Rich's scheme seemed to have been successful, he married the girl and she moved to Bear Lake.
In 1870 a new literary movement was afoot in Utah, associated with a periodical called The Keepapitchinin (“A Semi-Occasional Paper, Devoted to Cents, Scents, Sense and Nonsense”), which is generally thought of as one of the earliest humor periodicals in the West. One of the noted contributors listed was Joseph C. Rich (who went by the nickname “Saxey”), by 1870 he was credited as the man who made the Bear Lake Monster.
Distinguished Contributors to Our Columns: Uno Hoo, Tibet Yerlife, By Jingo, Resurgam, Viator, Another Trollop, Saxey–well known as the inventor of the Bear Lake monster (The Keepapitchinin, April 1, 1870, p15)
The Bear Lake Monster became a figure of fun and local humorists ridiculed the notion by concocting interviews with the lake monster.
Bro. Simpkins of Ogden sends a startling account of his interview with the Bear Lake Monster. It seems that Bro. Simpkins had determined to take him dead or alive, and for that purpose went to Bear Lake, a short time since. Being exhausted by his journey, he thought it prudent to rest himself upon its banks, when his slumbers were suddenly disturbed by the appearance of the above head over his prostrate form. In this critical situation, our hero fortunately had sufficient presence of mind to rapidly sketch his portrait. The monster, greatly amused, looked over his shoulder while he was thus engaged, nodding approval now and then; but suddenly, being dissatisfied with some pencil stroke, he snapped at the head of our hero, who sprang into the tree as here represented. Simpkins represents him as decidedly playful when calm; but there is a sinister expression in his countenance when aroused. Simpkins is quite certain that he could have captured him had not he (Simpkins) been taken unawares; as it was, it never happened to occur to his mind. The confusion incident upon a sudden awakening somewhat embarrassed him. He would know better How to go to work next time. He is sorry that his business is in such a condition-that he will be obliged to forego the pleasure of a second attempt. (“Bear Lake Monster – Great Excitement in the Waters of Bear Lake – Big Fish Eating the Little Ones”, The Keepapitchinin, April 1, 1870, p12).
A Modern Day Monster
However, sightings of the Bear Lake Monster by credible witnesses did not end in 1870.
Bear Lake is perhaps preeminent for its mysterious reputation, inasmuch as there is abundant testimony on record—or the formally registered oath, moreover, of men whom I know from personal acquaintance to be incapable of willful untruth—of the actual existence at the present day of an immense aquatic animal of some species as yet unknown to science. Now credulity is both a failing and a virtue—a failing when it arises from ignorance, a virtue when it arises from an intelligent recognition of possibilities. Any ignoramus, for instance, can believe in the existence of the sea-serpent. And Professor Owen, one of the very wisest of living men, is quite ready to accept testimony as to the existence of a monster of hitherto unrecorded dimensions. But while the former will take his monster in any shape it is offered to him, the professor, as he told me himself, will have nothing unless it is a seal or a cuttlefish. In these two directions recent facts as to size go so far beyond previous data that it is within the scientific possibilities that still larger creatures of both species may be some day encountered, and until the end of time, therefore, the limit of size can never be positively said to have been reached. With this preamble, let me say that I believe in the Bear Lake monster, and I have these reasons for the faith that is in me: that the men whose testimony is on record are trustworthy and agree as to their facts, and that their facts point to a very possible monster —in fact, a fresh-water seal or manatee. Driving along the shore of the lake one day, a party surprised the monster basking on the bank. They saw it go into the water with a great splash, and pursued it, one of the party firing at it with a revolver as it swam swiftly out toward the middle of the lake. The trail on the beach was afterward carefully examined, and the evidence of the party placed on record at once. Other men, equally credible, have also seen “the monster,” but, in my opinion, the experience of the one party referred to above sufficiently substantiates the Indian legends, and establishes the existence of this aquatic nonpareil. Let the Smithsonian see to it (Robinson, “Saunterings in Utah”, 1883).
By 1907 more sinister accounts of the Lake Monster had started to emerge
We camped on the eastern shore of Bear Lake just after sundown. After getting our horses tied to a large tree near the water’s edge, and fed, we started to prepare our supper. My partner, Mr. Horne, called my attention to something out in the lake about a half mile. As we watched, it would sink into the water for a second then out again. The lake being perfectly calm we couldn’t account for the strange object, but it came nearer to us and still going down and out of the water. Had it not been for this we would have thought it a gasoline launch or some other vessel. It was now close enough for us to see that it was some water monster. We grabbed our 30-30 rifles and each of us fired at it, but could not see that we hit him, although he turned slightly to the south. Before we had time to fire again he turned towards us. Our horses were now very frightened, one of which broke loose. We stepped back into the trees a few feet and both fired, and my God, for the growl that beast let, then started towards us like a mad elephant. We ran up the hillside a few rods to a slift of rocks and then began to shoot as rapidly as possible. With every shot he seemed to get more strength and growl more devilish. The animal was now so close to shore that we couldn’t see it for the trees. We thought of our horse that was tied to the tree and after reloading our guns we ran down to protect him if possible. Just as we reached our campfire, which was blazing up pretty well, we could see that ugly monster raise his front paw and strike the horse to the ground. Then he turned and started for deep water. In our excitement we began to pour lead at him again, and then with a terrific growl made a terrible swish in the water and sprang toward us. Before we could move he grabbed the horse with his two front paws, opened its monstrous mouth and crashed its teeth into it like a bullterrier would a mouse. After tearing the horse badly he made an awful howl and then was gone, plowing through the water. But the sight I’ll never forget. It seemed to be all head, two large staring eyes as large as a front wagon wheel, nose and mouth like a great largo fish. Its arms seemed to come out on either side of its head where the ears naturally would be. The hind legs were long’ and bent like that of the kangaroo. Then the hind end was like the tip end of a monster fish. We walked to a ranch up the shore, a quarter of a mile and staid till morning. When we went back in the morning we found the animal had come back again in the night and carried the dead horse off. He also broke off trees four and five inches through. Also tore largo holes in the beach, and its tracks were like those of a bear, but measuring three feet long and nearly two feet wide. We could not tell if our bullets would go through his hide or not, but noticed some of them would glance off and hum like they had struck one of his teeth, which always seemed to show. As there was so much blood from the mangled horse, we could not tell whether the beast of the lake was bleeding. Yours respectfully, T. R. MOONEY, FRED HORNE (Letter from Mooney and Horne, The Logan Republican, September 18, 1907).
The sightings continued, a four-year-old claimed to have seen it in 1937, and a Boy Scout leader spoke of seeing it in 1946. The last reported sighting of the monster was in June 2002, when Bear Lake business owner (is it just a coincidence that he owned the Bear Lake Monster Boat, who can say?) Brian Hirschi claims to have seen the monster, skeptics were quick to point out that his recounting of the sighting appeared in a Salt Lake newspaper on Memorial Day weekend — the start of the summer tourist season.
It happened, he insists, one night two years ago as he was anchoring his large pontoon boat — shaped like a sea monster — after a day of ferrying tourists around the 20-mile long, 8-mile wide and 208-foot deep crystal blue lake. After throwing the anchor, he saw "these two humps in the water" about 100 yards from the boat. At first he thought they were lost water skis, but they disappeared. Then, his boat lifted up. "I started to get scared," said Hirschi, who owns five watercraft rental locations around the lake. "The next thing I know, a serpent-like creature shot up out of the water." He said it had "really dark, slimy green skin and deep beet-red eyes." It went back under water and made a sound like a roaring bull before taking off. Hirschi said he hesitated before telling anyone about his experience, fearing they would "think I was crazy or on the lake too much." But eventually he broke his silence. To those who say it's obviously a publicity stunt, Hirschi responds: "Once you've seen the monster, you really don't care what other people say."(Deseret News, August 15th 2004)
The monster has since become a part of local folklore, partly due to sporadic sightings and partly in jest. For years a Bear Lake Monster Boat—a tourist boat shaped to look like a green lake monster—offered a 45-minute scenic cruise of Bear Lake with folklore storytelling.
References and sources
https://esoterx.com/2014/04/10/the-bear-lake-monster-you-can-lead-a-hoax-to-water-but-you-cant-make-it-sink/amp/
https://www.deseret.com/platform/amp/2004/8/15/19844493/monster-sparks-tall-tales
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bear_Lake_monster
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_C._Rich
I can't find any actual direct quotes from Rich admitting to the hoax, though it's generally accepted that he did, if anyone finds any, I'd love to add them to this.
submitted by boo909 to ScienceBehindCryptids [link] [comments]


2020.06.23 23:45 amainwingman A Truly Friendly Neighbour? China's Motivation Behind the Belt and Road Initiative in its Periphery

A Truly Friendly Neighbour? China's Motivation Behind the Belt and Road Initiative in its Periphery
Hey guys, I recently completed an internship and was asked to write a research paper. Here is a highly shortened version of what I wrote. It concerns China's motivations for pursuing the Belt and Road Initiative, especially in its periphery in Southeast and Central Asia. Don't worry, this isn't yet another neocon/hawkish "China is imperialist now please increase our defence budget" take, rather I look at why China is pouring trillions of dollars into infrastructure in Asia. If you have any questions, feel free to ask and I'll try and answer them to the best of my ability!
A Truly Friendly Neighbour?
President Trump continues to abandon allies in Southeast Asia with reckless disregard for geopolitical realities. The President claims he does so because America’s allies have, for too long, unfairly benefited from the US led world order without contributing significantly to its running. But retreating from America’s role as leader of the global international order will facilitate China’s encroaching influence. This is most evident in China’s periphery, where its Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) will continue to bring its neighbours, be it by carrot or by stick, into Beijing’s increasingly inescapable orbit.
A closer look at President Xi Jinping’s “project of the century,” reveals this concerning reality for the West. The BRI, a Sino-centric push to build infrastructure and increase trade, cultural and diplomatic relations between China and nations signed up to it, is not quite yet a Chinese push for creating a new world order, but it does aim to protect China’s core interests and security, even when those interests directly clash with the West’s.
The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) has never been transparent. So it is something of a surprise that, in 2011, the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs released a white paper outlining its core national interests. These include, “state sovereignty, national security, territorial integrity and national reunification, China’s political system … and overall social stability, and … sustainable economic and social development.” The BRI, particularly on China’s doorstep, first and foremost is aimed at securing these core interests. This underpins three identified motivations behind China’s pursuit of the BRI, namely, taking advantage of geopolitical opportunities, creating a Sino-centric regional order and facing up to China’s domestic challenges.
Looking at data from the American Enterprise Institute for Chinese BRI investments, suggests that there is no overarching geographic strategic intent behind the BRI. There are no regions that receive an inordinate amount of Chinese investment. Instead, what we see is China taking advantage of geopolitical opportunities wherever they appear.
BRI Investments as a Percentage of Nominal GDP
Map of BRI Investments as a Percentage of Nominal GDP
(Just a quick note here on the data from AEI. While it was the only comprehensive source I could find on BRI investments throughout Asia, the data classified any Chinese investment in Asia (expect in Japan, Taiwan and India) as a BRI investment if it happened after 2013, when Xi announced the "One Belt One Road" initiative, the precursor to the BRI. This isn't to disparage the data, more so it's to highlight actually how tricky it is to define what the BRI is. So don't take my data here as gospel truth, but rather just a broad brushstroke painting of BRI investments in Asia.)
Three examples highlight this clearly. In Laos, there is a potentially lucrative energy resource in the Mekong River which would help China achieve energy independence. Dependence on foreign nations for energy has been interpreted by China as a vulnerability according to one expert on energy security. Energy independence will further China’s national security as Chinese machines of war will be less vulnerable to easily interrupted fuel supply lines, and a reliable flow of energy is vital to sustainable economic and social development. By investing in, and running, hydroelectric dams along the Mekong through its BRI, China is guaranteeing access to Laotian energy resources.
BRI investments in Cambodia have given Beijing the diplomatic capital to build a naval base. By building such a base in the Gulf of Thailand, China is hoping to increase its national security by strong-arming its neighbours out of reliance on America and towards submission to Beijing through overwhelming military presence. A naval base in Cambodia would also solidify Chinese military access to the South China Sea, which Beijing views as its territorial waters, to the chagrin of the West.
China also strongly believes that, “underdevelopment generates insecurity and instability.” As China keeps pouring money into Kyrgyzstan, Beijing believes that potential ethnic unrest will be quelled, increasing national security. Chinese investments have also ‘bought’ silence from Kyrgyzstan on China’s mass detention of Uyghurs, protecting what China views as its fragile social stability from damaging external criticism.
If China is to overthrow the current Western led liberal international order, it must first create a viable alternative in its own region. The evidence suggests that China is currently pushing for a regional order rather than a global one. The multilateral organisations it has created, like the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank and the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation are more regionally focused. Brookings has called this an “illiberal ‘sphere of influence’ in Asia.” Crucially, Chinese investments are perceived as more receptive to local needs in the Asia-Pacific compared to Western or international aid and investments, according to the Lowy Institute, suggesting a regional shift towards China.
Greater economic and diplomatic ties between China and nations signed up to the BRI, in the form of infrastructure investments, leads to deeper ties, binding these nations to China, according to Nadége Rolland of the National Bureau for Asian Research. In enhancing cooperation between itself and its neighbours, Beijing is laying the foundations for a regional alternative to the Western led liberal international order that follows what Rolland calls the principles of the “Community of Common Destiny.”
These principles, building “partnerships” rather than alliances, “‘common, comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable’ security” focused on Asia, economic “win-win” cooperation, respecting “cultural diversity” (or, more cynically, accepting different political systems) and concern for the environment, all help China pursue its core interests. By building a regional order that follows these principles, China hopes to do so through the BRI.
The first two principles obviously focus on China’s national security. Economic cooperation and concern for the environment both focus on sustainably developing China both economically and socially. Respecting “cultural diversity” is often interpreted as a thinly-veiled call from Beijing for other nations, namely the US, to respect what it views as its sovereignty in places like Tibet and Hong Kong, regions that continue to cause issues for Beijing. This, in turn, safeguards China’s “national reunification.”
China will face vexing domestic challenges in the next decade. Part of Beijing’s calculus behind pursuing the BRI lies in tackling these challenges. Developing its Western provinces, by increasing their trade with external partners through the BRI, will reduce instability in these historically restive regions. This will help to achieve what China calls its “national reunification” and protect its “social stability,” even if this means imprisoning millions of ethnic minorities and sponsoring the mass migration of Han Chinese into historically diverse regions.
As domestic demand for Chinese infrastructure wavers, China is deploying the BRI to use up the overcapacity it has in its traditional industrial sectors by creating external demand for these industries. Doing so will help Beijing reduce its capacity in the medium term, while its increased diplomatic and economic ties will help China internationalise its fledgling financial sector, which is key for China to continue its sustainable economic development.
The CCP faces a challenge of legitimacy that threatens its leadership of the world’s second largest economy. Xi and the CCP leadership believe in the “doctrine of ‘performance legitimacy,’” which states that the CCP derives its legitimacy from economic performance. If China’s economy stalls, the CCP will begin to crumble. Some argue that this is not true and that Beijing is too preoccupied with the fall of the USSR. This is irrelevant. As long as Xi believes it is the case, he will continue to pursue policies that provide China’s absurd economic growth, which the BRI has fostered.
A rising China threatens American and Western interests in the Asia-Pacific. President Obama realised this and employed his Pivot to Asia to counter the threat. If President Trump wants the world to perceive him as strong against China, he needs a more nuanced understanding of China’s flagship project and its motivations. Abandoning long standing American allies to China suggests an unsurprising lack of that very same nuance.
submitted by amainwingman to neoliberal [link] [comments]


2020.06.23 19:01 autotldr Indian and Chinese military agree to disengage on disputed Himalayan border

This is the best tl;dr I could make, original reduced by 70%. (I'm a bot)
The deadliest border clash in more than half a century between the nuclear armed giants had stunned India, and fuelled calls for a boycott of goods from China, its second biggest trading partner.
While the agreement by commanders on the ground to step back will cool the situation, nationalist sentiment in India has been whipped up, and Prime Minister Narendra Modi remains under pressure to show he won't be bullied by China.
Indian government officials say Chinese troops had intruded into India's side of the poorly defined LAC at three or four locations in India's Ladakh region, which leads on to the Aksai Chin plateau controlled by China but claimed by India.
Aside from the Galwan Valley, parts of which overlooks a strategically important road, Indian and Chinese troops have also been facing off across the Pangong Lake - a finger of water extending from China's Tibet Autonomous Region into Ladakh.
In previous rounds of talks, China had asked India to stop all construction work in what it says is Chinese territory.
For its part, India has been pushing China to withdraw its troops back to where they were in April.
Summary Source FAQ Feedback Top keywords: China#1 India#2 side#3 Indian#4 Zhao#5
Post found in /news.
NOTICE: This thread is for discussing the submission topic. Please do not discuss the concept of the autotldr bot here.
submitted by autotldr to autotldr [link] [comments]


2020.06.18 21:00 thadicalCentrist What does the recent border conflict in Ladakh/ Aksai China imply for the future of India-China relations? What are the likely immediate impacts?

Background:
The border between India's Ladakh, formerly part of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir, and China's Aksai Chin, part of Chinese Xinjiang and Tibet, has been a point of contention for decades for the two countries. De facto, the Line of Actual Control divides the two, but the countries officially disagree on the borders. China and India have been attempting to peacefully resolve or at least deescalate border conflicts after the infamous Doklam standoff, with both countries agreeing that they wouldn't have guns on soldiers at the border to prevent escalation of force unintentionally.
India had been building a road on their side of the border that would have connected the Indian territory of Ladakh and the state of Himachal Pradesh, which angered China because of fears of military buildup on the border - especially since this area lies right next to Pakistan, a Chinese ally, which it's building transportation infrastructure to as part of CPEC/ OBOR.
India and China haven't fought a war since 1962 and 1967. Now they're both functional nuclear powers with the two largest populations on Earth, as well as the second and fifth largest economies. China is India's largest trade partner; India is China's eleventh largest. However, the two nations have several points of contention - India harbors the Dalai Llama, Pakistan is a major trade partner for China, and both countries have border disputes over the previously mentioned territory and an area claimed as Arunachal Pradesh by India and South Tibet as China.
Recently:
A violent clash on the border - the first in 45 years to turn lethal - left 20 Indian soldiers and an estimated 30-45 Chinese soldiers dead in a conflict that observers say included spiked bats wrapped with barbed wire.
Possible repercussions:
What possible repercussions will this have on India-China relations? What escalations will happen in the immediate future? How will this affect the relations between the two in the long term?
submitted by thadicalCentrist to PoliticalDiscussion [link] [comments]


2020.06.15 02:24 Temporary_Golf Muller promotes Jian Yang to 27 on the National Party list, Raymond Huo moves up to 26 on Labour's list

Edit- Title regarding Raymond Huo moving up the list is incorrect, he was previously at 13. Naisi Chen has moved up 10 places. Jian Yang was promoted from 33 to 29 previously by National and Muller has just promoted to 27.
Raymond Huo - 26 (Labour Party list)
https://www.stuff.co.nz/national/300034942/labour-reveals-freshfaced-party-list-for-2017-election
Following Russel Norman's controversial protest to PRC Vice President Xi Jinping during Xi's 2010 visit to New Zealand, Huo wrote a blog entry defending Chinese rule over Tibet. Thuten Kesang, spokesperson for the New Zealand Tibetan community, accused Huo of "promoting communist China progaganda" and said he would lay a formal complaint with the Labour Party.
https://www.nzherald.co.nz/human-rights/news/article.cfm?c_id=500838&objectid=10656194
In September 2017, New Zealand China expert and University of Canterbury political scientist Dr Anne-Marie Brady alleged in a conference paper that Huo was a pro-China influencer who helped to advance China's united front strategy of co-opting political and business elites in New Zealand. According to Brady, Huo worked very closely with the Chinese Government and had close contacts with the Zhi Gong Party, one of the eight legal parties in China subordinate to the Communist Party of China that focuses on promoting relations between Beijing and Chinese diaspora communities abroad. Observers have also noted Huo's relationship with Communist Party-connected businessman and political donor, Yikun Zhang. Brady also claimed that Huo's decision to translate Labour's 2017 election campaign slogan "Let's do it" into Xi Jinping's quote "roll up your sleeves and work hard" carried sexual connotations. Huo has responded critically to Brady's allegations, stating "that there was a fine line between what Brady has alleged and the genuine promotion of the NZ-China relationship."
https://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/news/article.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=11954587
In early March 2019, Huo as Chair of the parliamentary Justice Select Committee declined Dr Anne-Marie Brady's request to testify at a Parliamentary justice committee to examine potential foreign interference as part of its review of the 2017 general election. Huo, who had been named as a key pro-China influencer in Brady's conference paper, had declined her request on the procedural grounds that she had submitted her application five months after the final deadline on 23 September 2018. Huo and the other Labour members of the Justice Select Committee voted against Brady's application, triggering criticism from the opposition National Party electoral reform spokesperson Nick Smith. In response to media coverage, Huo reversed his earlier decision and extended an invitation for Dr Brady to speak to select committee members.
https://www.rnz.co.nz/news/political/384252/labour-mps-backtrack-on-anne-marie-brady-committee-decision
Jian Yang - 27 (National Party list)
https://www.newsroom.co.nz/pro/2020/03/03/1066244/controversial-mp-jian-yang-reselected-by-national
On 13 September 2017 accusations were raised in the media that Yang taught English to Chinese spies in the 1980s and 1990s. Yang admitted he had a background as a civilian, or non-ranking, officer in the Chinese military. In response to the accusations, the National Party released a copy of Yang's CV from 2012, which mentioned his time at the Air Force Engineering College and Luoyang People's Liberation Army University of Foreign Languages. The Financial Times says the Foreign Languages Institute is part of China's military intelligence apparatus run by the People's Liberation Army, training linguists to intercept foreign communications. It was also reported that Yang attracted the attention of the New Zealand Security Intelligence Service three years prior to these revelations. Yang was a lecturer at the Foreign Language Institute and his immigration file shows he taught the English language and American studies. Yang claimed he taught his students to simply monitor communications, rather than carry out "the physical act of spying". He conceded he could be seen as having taught spies. The New Zealand Herald later reported that Yang did not disclose his links to the schools in his citizenship applications and instead substituted "partner" universities.
Yang also confirmed that he had been a member of the Communist Party of China but claimed to be inactive since moving to New Zealand in 1994.
https://web.archive.org/web/20181002221616/https://www.npr.org/2018/10/02/627249909/australia-and-new-zealand-are-ground-zero-for-chinese-influence
A newly reelected National Party MP said to have been investigated by New Zealand's intelligence agencies didn't disclose links to Chinese military intelligence when becoming a citizen, documents show.
Newly unredacted documents from Jian Yang's 2004 citizenship application show Yang, who moved to New Zealand in 1999, did not list the 15 years he spent studying and working at the People's Liberation Air Force Engineering Academy and the Luoyang Foreign Languages Institute from 1978. Both institutions are part of China's military intelligence apparatus.
Yang's links, and subsequent rise to a position of political power in New Zealand, has stoked concerns of our traditional allies over the growing superpower's soft-influence campaign in the region.
https://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/news/article.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=11932407
He admitted to journalists last year that he was a member of China's Communist Party, though he insisted he has not been an active member since he left China in 1994. He has steered clear of the media spotlight since the scandal hit.
"Jian Yang is not just connected to China's Communist Party," says Chen Weijian. "He was sent here by them to spy on New Zealand. But people in Yang's party — the National Party — all think he's good for New Zealand-China relations. A lot of his party's donations come through him, and he often leads government trips to China to make lucrative deals there."
https://www.npr.org/2018/10/02/627249909/australia-and-new-zealand-are-ground-zero-for-chinese-influence
Under-fire National MP Jian Yang says he did not ask for a security clearance block to be removed from a constituent, but simply forwarded on correspondence.
An NZME report on Wednesday morning alleged Yang had asked for a block on the security clearance on an unnamed Chinese-born constituent to be reconsidered.
In a February 2012 letter first released to NZME under the Official Information Act, then-Defence Minister Jonathan Coleman wrote to the unnamed job-applicant declining to overturn the security block.
https://www.stuff.co.nz/national/politics/100027601/jian-yang-asked-ministers-to-overturn-security-clearance-block
https://imgur.com/HXhEcYq
submitted by Temporary_Golf to ChinaWatchNZ [link] [comments]


2020.06.11 05:06 TheManIsNonStop [Diplomacy] India in Africa Pt. I

July 2032
With the successful seizure of Pakistan-occupied Kashmir, the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, a multi-billion dollar project connecting China and Pakistan via a rail and road corridor running from Xinjiang/Tibet to the Indian Ocean port of Gwadar through Kashmir, has been cut off. At least until such a time as the Indian Government sees fit to repair the Karakoram Highway (a costly project that will involve not just repairing the road, but also extensive demining efforts and the removal of the thousands of burned out tank carcasses remaining from the Chinese offensive into Kashmir), Pakistan and China have been completely separated from one another--save for a the long, costly shipping route from China to Pakistan through either the Straits of Malacca or the Kra Canal.
This victory in Kashmir, to Indian geo-political strategists, marks the end of China’s power projection into the Indian Ocean, a project that began with the invasion and partition of Myanmar earlier in the decade. Save a Chinese naval base on Thailand’s Indian Ocean coastline, China’s access to the ocean has been entirely eliminated. With listening posts on the Christmas, Andaman, Nicobar, and Cocos (Keeling) Islands, it has become effectively impossible for Chinese naval vessels to enter the Indian Ocean without significant advance warning to the Indian Navy, allowing India to sink the vessels as they pass through the natural chokepoints of the region.
Hard power projection aside, recent developments have made it significantly harder for China to project soft power into the region as well. With the destruction of the Karakoram Highway and the partition of Myanmar, China’s economic access to the region has been cut off. All that is left for them now is the expensive highway route from Xinjiang through Central Asia to Iran or the long shipping route through the South China Sea--neither of which are able to reach a price point that is price competitive with Indian shipping in the region. Almost overnight, the cost of Chinese exports to and imports from East Africa, the Persian Gulf, and the Mediterranean have shot up, making India a much more attractive destination for the businesses of these countries.
The collapse of the Belt and Road Initiative has further doomed China’s soft power projection in the region. Where the countries of East Africa were once fettered to China by crippling debt burdens, the collapse of the BRI has left them free to mingle with other partners--and more importantly for India, left them in need of a new source of investment to continue their economic growth.
The Indian Ocean, then, has become India’s domain. As it ought to be.

The Asia-Africa Growth Corridor

Enter the new era of Indian foreign policy in Africa. The Asia-Africa Growth Corridor was originally created as an economic cooperation agreement between India, Japan, and several other countries (members highlighted in red. The program was intended to operate as a competitor to the Belt and Road Initiative, funding the construction of infrastructure, the creation of people-to-people partnerships, the development of healthcare and pharmaceutical networks, improvements in disaster management, and generalized economic development.
Though the AAGC was first signed in 2017, movement on the project stalled as Japan and India shifted focus to other issues [M] read: I didn’t have time to post about this [/M]. During a diplomatic meeting with Japan in 2027, both India and Japan reaffirmed their commitment to the project. Later that year, Taiwan agreed to partner with its two regional allies to help peel East Africa away from Chinese influence.
With the collapse of the Belt and Road Initiative, India has determined that there is no better time to launch this initiative than the present.

Guaranteed Shipping

India has grown into one of, if not the, largest manufacturing economies in the world. Indian factories churn out hundreds of tons of steel and millions of dollars worth of goods every day, most of it destined for ports abroad.
With the shift to an export-based economy, the importance of secure shipping lanes has increased dramatically. Imports, too, form a critical part of the Indian supply chain: shipments from the world over keep the Indian economy flush with raw materials. A blockade of India, or even just the destruction of a significant portion of her merchant fleet, would lead to financial ruin for the country.
This realization has led to a massive expansion of the Indian Navy. In just two decades, the Navy has swelled to almost two hundred ships. By the end of 2040, India will operate the second most carriers in the world. With bases at every possible entrance into the Indian Ocean, India remains assured of its ability to protect India and her interests in the region.
Recognizing the importance of the continued free movement of goods through the Indian Ocean, India has announced that its navy will now guarantee freedom of shipping through the international waterways Indian Ocean (its borders being defined as the Bab el Mandeb, the Straits of Hormuz, the Horn of Africa, the Sunda Straits, the Straits of Malacca, the Sunda Strait, and the Torres Strait.

The Asia-Africa Development Bank

Development banks have proven themselves to be one of the most effective ways of spurring infrastructure growth in developing countries. The Asian Development Bank, for example, helped to lift Asia out of poverty: when the ADB was founded in the 1960s, Asia was one of the poorest continents on Earth. Now, between all of the burgeoning economies of the continent, it is among the wealthiest.
More importantly for India, development banks provide a self-sustaining mechanism to maintain influence in the nations that they lend to. Countries are much more likely to be amenable to diplomacy from countries that haven given them money, and development banks, unlike grants, do not require constant new input (something which China learned the hard way over the past decade, eventually leading to the total collapse of the Belt and Road Initiative).
India hopes to leverage the success of the development bank model to expand its influence in Eastern and Southern Africa. From New Delhi, Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced the creation of a new Asia-Africa Development Bank. The operation of the bank will mirror that of the Asian Development Bank, with creditor nations gaining a voting share proportional to their financial contribution to the bank’s capital stock. India has invited any nation to apply to work as a creditor nation on the bank, though specific invitations have been sent to the State of Japan and the Republic of Taiwan, both of which have agreed to assist with funding the bank in the past.
In order to give loans, a bank needs capital. India has agreed to seed this new development bank with 40b USD, with an additional 15b USD coming each year for the next four years (bringing India’s total capital contribution up to 100b USD by 2035. Thereafter, India’s contribution will be determined on an annual basis (currently anticipated to be 8b USD per year). This contribution alone is enough to make the Asia-Africa Development Bank the third most capitalized development bank in the world--behind only the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank. With additional contributions from other creditor nations, India hopes that the Asia-Africa Development Bank will become even larger. India has invited the existing members of the Asia Africa Growth Corridor (Japan, Thailand, Iran, Singapore) to contribute funds to the bank. Additionally, India has extended invitations to Indonesia, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait, the UAE, Oman, South Korea, Vietnam, Australia, Brunei, and Malaysia. Other countries are invited to submit applications.
The other half of the bank is debtors. The following nations will be invited to participate in the Asia-Africa Development Bank (though other nations may apply):
The Republic of South Africa; the Republic of Namibia; the Republic of Angola; the Republic of Zambia; the Kingdom of Lesotho; the Republic of Botswana; the Kingdom of Namibia; the Republic of Mozambique; the Republic of Kenya; the Republic of Madagascar; the Republic of Burundi; the Republic of Rwanda; the Republic of Uganda; the Republic of Malawi; the Union of the Comoros; the Republic of Mauritius; the Republic of Seychelles; the Federal Republic of Somalia; the Republic of Puntland; the Republic of Somaliland; the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia; the Republic of South Sudan; the State of Eritrea; the Federal Republic of Myanmar, the People’s Republic of Bangladesh; and the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka.
Should these countries elect to join the Asia-Africa Development Bank, the Bank will immediately look to identify potential loan targets. Loans will be provided for infrastructure projects (especially transportation infrastructure related to moving goods to and through ports), healthcare projects, disaster management projects, and agricultural development projects (such as dams, irrigation canals, etc.). Unlike the Belt and Road Initiative, these loans are not intended to debt trap foreign countries--rather than loaning at commercial interest rates (like China did), the Asia-Africa Development Bank will loan at standard development bank interest rates, which are generally 2 percent or less. The purpose of the bank is to spur economic growth in Africa (which, India believes, will improve their ability to export raw materials to India’s swelling industry, and open up their domestic markets for Indian manufacturing exports), not to create debt slaves. That, India hopes, should prove to be a welcome change of pace for the people of Africa.
Following in the tradition of the Asian Development Bank, which has had a Japanese President since its inception (owing to Japan’s status as the largest contributor to the bank), the first President of the Asia-Africa Development Bank will be Indian. Despite this, the headquarters of the bank will be based in Africa, not in Asia, with the stated purpose of “developing world-class financial infrastructure in Africa.” Currently, three cities are under consideration for the headquarters: Nairobi, Johannesburg, and Cape Town. Field offices will be established in each of the participating African nations, as well as in India, Taiwan, and Japan.
submitted by TheManIsNonStop to Geosim [link] [comments]


2020.06.03 18:12 vilekangaree [Megathread] Tiananmen Square Massacre

On June 4, 1989, Beijing’s Tiananmen Square resembled a warzone as soldiers from the People’s Liberation Army, largely amassed from the country’s hinterlands and conveyed to the capital in the preceding days and weeks, marched down Chang’an (the street of eternal peace) with orders to quash the “counter-revolutionary rebellion” and clear the square: “We cannot protect you if you are in the square. You must take responsibility for the consequences,” they billowed through megaphones to the demonstrators whose numbers had swelled over 300,000. The students, intellectuals, civilians, and workers there had engaged in strategic nonviolence (demonstration, hunger striking, and occupation of the square), but internal conflicts and foundering nonviolent discipline undermined their work. Whether you call it a massacre, event, or incident, June Fourth was the tragic culmination of a period of unrest, the ’89 Democracy Movement, which resonated throughout urban China. Rooted in the tension between Maoism/traditional socialism and reformism/internationalism which had been playing out since the Great Helmsman’s death, the Tiananmen protests were incited by the death of prominent Party reformist Hu Yaobang. Estimates vary, but it is widely agreed that hundreds, if not thousands (including some soldiers), perished in Beijing as a result of the CCP leadership’s decision to turn the PLA’s tanks, machine guns, and 200,000 soldiers on the people.
Today, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) expends near-incalculable sums on internal security, deploys a veritable army of wumaos and high-tech tools (e.g. artificial intelligence) to stymie dissent and enforce censorship online, and works tirelessly to erase the ’89 Movement and Tiananmen Massacre from China’s collective memory. In Tiananmen Square, the vestiges of that meticulously censored battlefield are embodied in the repressive architecture and surveillance state milieu which naïve tourists, patriotic Chinese, and would-be protesters alike are subjected to. Still to this day, the Tiananmen Mothers are denied an opportunity to mourn and the event is purposefully omitted from the Chinese education. Engagement with this restive period of modern Chinese history has been carefully stewarded by the State: nationalists are inculcated with the beliefs that Tiananmen was a Western conspiracy, that the movement’s success would have derailed China’s growth story (despite the fact that China’s economic ascendancy was the result of laudable reformist/internationalists leveraging the help Western economists and their own previously repressed intellect), and that only the CCP can guarantee social stability and thus prosperity.
We remember Tiananmen now not for what might have been, but for what was—the electrifying spirit of the Chinese people, the hope that the students exuded, and the brutal crackdown which paved the way for ratcheting authoritarianism. We remember Tiananmen because the CCP have too long avoided a reckoning.

A Closer Look

Background
Tension between the reform imperative and all-encompassing Maoist influence permeated the CCP from Mao's death through Deng's reform and opening up and into the 80s. This remains a contentious period of modern Chinese history.
June 4, 1989
Impact on Modern China
Tank Man & the Censorship Regime
Controversies
TLDR: Over thirty years later, we still remember Tiananmen. The CCP have too long avoided a reckoning. The '89 Movement and 6/4 massacre have consequences which continue to reverberate, most notably in Beijing's ratcheting authoritarianism and politicization of China's collective memory.

Resources

Collections of Images
Videos
Scholarship
News & Popular Media
A final note regarding the use of this Megathread
We've created this megathread to help educate people on the event, organize as much information as possible so that people can actually take an interest in it beyond karma-whoring, and, ultimately, to set the tone. If you find something interesting but perhaps not substantial enough to merit its own thread, please post it here. If you're dying to share a meme, but suspect we might delete it, post it in this thread rather than clogging up the main feed.
If you haven't gotten the picture already, please note: Beyond just being an important event, this was a somber one. China has seen enough "Nothing happened" and "nevar forget" memes to last a lifetime. That said, here's a breakdown of the type of stuff we don't want to see (and which we'll be deleting):
We absolutely welcome your contributions otherwise.Thank you for your time, attention, and participation.

Originally written by HotNatured 6/2019

submitted by vilekangaree to China [link] [comments]


2020.05.28 20:47 cheaptissueburlap DD MSNVF MRS.V

MSNVF /MRS. V is a canadian company that sell protective gear.
they have 3 segment that could profit from macro trends
riots! and war. Protect the force is a subsidary that sells body armorto the pentagon, retailers and law enforcers.
Wildfire. Unifire is a subsidary that sell fire protection equipement
Covid. Unifire jumped in the PPE bandwagon, they recently had a contract for 24m with the femathe market cap of msnvf is 25m, they planning on 175m sales for 2020 they already have 100m going in the high sales season.
i believe this stock is massively undervalued

MSNVF/ MRS.V
EXTERNAL MARKET
Macro economics:
Ok so 3 trend should materialize in a close future. RISK of WAR and social unrest, Covid-19 second wave and forestfire in wich seem to be a very hot summer coming in.
war case: China and america are really on a dangerous slope, china is having war rumors with india, and nato is looking closely, i could see a warfare between rebels groups secretly backed by states around the tibet frontier.
https://www.bnnbloomberg.ca/there-is-no-off-ramp-u-s-china-tension-only-set-to-get-worse-1.1442208
https://www.bnnbloomberg.ca/there-is-no-off-ramp-u-s-china-tension-only-set-to-get-worse-1.1442208
https://www.economist.com/asia/2020/05/28/a-border-dispute-between-india-and-china-is-getting-more-serious
its been going on for days now. well see what going on. keeping a close look at taiwan and hong kong situation the pcc is trying to grew is power in these independant provinces.
https://stockhouse.com/news/newswire/2019/10/08/mission-ready-solutions-aims-multi-billion-defense-market
Covid:
you all know about covid and the possible second wave. unifire subsidary is making protective gear, sold for 24 m contract with fema (thats the market cap in one contract btw just crazy) more information below
https://finance.yahoo.com/news/mission-ready-announces-cad-5-110010565.html?.tsrc=rss
so a 1000 - 2000% increase in ppe equipment
https://www.fibre2fashion.com/industry-article/8659/global-ppe-market-dynamics-demand-from-us-and-eu-to-rise

Forest fire: Camping and interstate tourism will be on the low probably but not as much as international tourism. Forest fire has been increasings around the world, it is a thing bound to happen especially in such a dry year up north.
https://www.ctif.org/world-fire-statistics
https://www.unite.ai/ai-model-used-to-map-dryness-of-forests-predict-wildfires/
https://www.iii.org/fact-statistic/facts-statistics-wildfires

Overview
Mission Ready Solutions Inc, formerly Mission Ready Services Inc, is a Canada-based company engaged in PPE and defense sector. It manufactures and distributes technology-centric defense solutions. The Company offers tactical nylon gear and soft armor ballistics to prevent injuries of military personnel. The Company operates under the following businesses: Manufacturing, Innovations and Services. Its Manufacturing business is operated through PTF Manufacturing Inc, which offers nylon products and soft armor ballistics, such as carriers, pouches, shirts, no-contact shield cover and accessories. Its Innovations business offers the no-contact tactical shield cover and Flex9Armor Animation. Its Services business is operated through 10-20 Services. Mission Ready Solutions Inc serves customers in Canada and the United States. Mission Ready specializes in providing comprehensive government contracting solutions through its privileged access to a host of government contracting vehicles including multiple General Services Administration (“GSA”) Schedules and the Tailored Logistics Support (“TLS”) Special Operations Equipment (“SOE”) contract administered by the United States Defense Logistics Agency (“DLA”).
It also own other subsidary see below.


http://www.mrscorp.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/MRS-Investor-Presentation.pdfgolden https://soundcloud.com/user-404384275/investor-update-and-webcast-may-26-20202018 5 m cad sales to 2020 100 m cad delivered sales on 26th of may 2020 unifire merger finalized looking for a 400 m contract might start have to bid for billions contracts with company fema contract 24 m cad, plus option delivered on 25th may(expected) 500 employees 100 millions sales delivered soe contract ppe contract

team
the ceo disnt do well in the past
https://preview.redd.it/r4eilahzpj151.png?width=1366&format=png&auto=webp&s=9a41bb61c360788c2b06e1855872aa8a4aa9cd08
Brands:unifire
http://www.unifireusa.com/ (worth a look)
(back in 2018) In acquiring Unifire, MRS will issue 26.3 million common shares and make deferred cash payments totaling $4 million USD to the two principal owners, Darrell Siria (now retired Unifire CEO) and Dan Raczykowski (staying on as Unifire COO).
Mission Ready’s wholly-owned subsidiary, Unifire, Inc. (“Unifire”), is 1 of 6 companies globally that is authorized to provide equipment and designated services under the multi-billion-dollar TLS program developed and supported by the DLA. Unifire is a designated Small Business and an industry-leading manufacturer and distributor of over 1.5 million fire, military, emergency, and law enforcement products. As an incumbent awardee of DLA’s SOE contract, with extensive knowledge and experience in providing solutions to the US Federal Government, Unifire utilizes its highly efficient and scalable technology infrastructure to provide procurement solutions for program managers, military and federal contracting offices, base supply centers, and other governmental supply agencies.
Founded in 1987, Unifire is a specialized solutions provider to the US Defense Logistics Agency ("DLA"). Unifire is 1 of only 6 companies eligible globally (and the only one owned by a public company) to compete for orders through a DLA Special Operations Equipment (SOE) Tailored Logistics Support Program (TLSP) $4 billion USD bridge contract . A 10-year $33 billion USD renewal of this contract is expected in 2020.
--------------------------------------------Protect The Force
https://protecttheforce.com/
is an industry leading manufacturer in design and technology of Tactical Gear and Body Armor providing innovative, modular and scalable
COVID-19 UPDATE: PLEASE ALLOW 45-60 DAYS IN ADDITION TO CURRENT LEADTIMES DUE TO UPDATED CDC GUIDELINES.
Q: Are PTF's products Made in the USA? A: All products manufactured by PTF are made in the good ol' USA. Our manufacturing facility is located in the mountains of eastern Tennessee. The majority of materials used in our products are made by various raw good manufacturers in the United States. Wild things gear https://www.wildthingsgear.com/ Wild Things has earned a reputation for tough, lightweight technical outerwear, alpine-style backpacks, durable haul–bags, and innovative tactical and military gear 500$ for pants my man
-----------------------------------------
mission specific solutions https://www.ms2-group.com/ Mission Specific Solutions Group is a Certified SDVOSB that provides mission critical equipment to Warfighters & First Responders worldwide.
R n D:
flex 9, a revolutionnary bullet proof shirt.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=28&v=aTk86ZMb6P8&feature=emb_logo
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=53tBMJcINg8

k-9 helmet cam mentioned but vant find the link back


not sure but a biohazard suit with electric tension

https://preview.redd.it/74ulnt4vwj151.png?width=1366&format=png&auto=webp&s=462fa9ea5b80efb75212baa0bec93448bd7ae646
https://preview.redd.it/th3cwx5wwj151.png?width=1366&format=png&auto=webp&s=82193162f99a94e7f3367dbc381300b412a64f09
Recent news:
Further to news releases dated April 28, 2020 and May 14, 2020 related to the Company’s response to the COVID-19 pandemic, Mission Ready has received additional purchase orders totaling CAD $5,500,000 from Grand Traverse Economic Development (“GTED”) for the procurement and supply of personal protective equipment (“PPE”)
https://finance.yahoo.com/news/mission-ready-announces-cad-5-110010565.html?.tsrc=rss
VANCOUVER, British Columbia, May 14, 2020 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Mission Ready Solutions Inc. (“Mission Ready” or the “Company”) (TSXV: MRS) is pleased to announce that, further to its news release dated April 28, 2020, the Company has received a CAD $24,000,000 (twenty-four million) contract award (“Contract Award”) from the US Department of Homeland Security (“DHS”) Federal Emergency Management Agency (“FEMA”) for the provision of personal protective equipment (“PPE”) to be delivered between May 12, 2020 and September 30, 2020.
https://finance.yahoo.com/news/mission-ready-announces-cad-24-185018261.html?.tsrc=rss

unifire was named one of 1/14 "Major Players" in a report on the Explosion Proof Fan Market which is now "Witnessing Enormous Growth" due to Covid-19 expected to have high demand until 2026.
https://www.njmmanews.com/explosion-proof-fans-market-outlook-2020-witnessing-enormous-growth-with-recent-trends-demand-cci-thermal-technologies-elektror-rosenberg-ventilatoren-gmbh-americraft-manufacturing-panasoni/


BIAS
Bull: Case
upper military spending because of tension with china and indiasocial unrest possible with socio- economical trends.fire season comingcovid = protective geardidnt shutdown
bear case:shutdown has stopped a lot of chain supply might cause shortagehigh debtmacro economic down turn
Factors which will help benefit the company moving forward include: MRS Public vs. Private Company Advantage Unifire, through its parent MRS, is the only prime vendor in this space which is publicly owned. This provides certain advantages over its competitors, such as easy access to capital markets for financing, and having more stringent and transparent reporting requirements that are viewed more favourably by US federal entities. Its status as a public company also likely played a key role in how MRS was able to secure its current credit facility scalable up to $100+ million USD. The ability to more readily access equity financing in the future will allow the company to run a leaner balance sheet in the long term, and reduce its dependence on its credit facility and the associated costs. This can ultimately translate to better margins, and in turn allow the company to bid more competitively on contracts. In comparison, the other 5 prime vendors do not share this luxury and appear more likely to be reliant on debt financing for growth and to fund discretionary dividends. As private entities, detailed information is not readily available, but there is still enough to give a snapshot of how some of these companies are operating. For example, a publicly available Rating Action from Moody’s Investor Service from July 2018 on an ADS $240 million USD term loan, noted that at the time ADS debt/EBITDA was approximately 4.7x (based on pro forma materials provided). The note further commented that meaningful debt repayment beyond minimum requirements was not likely given it is anticipated the company will use excess cash to fund discretionary dividends. Similarly, public filings from Alaris Royalty Corporation dated December 31, 2018, provide insights into financing provided to another competing prime vendor, Federal Resources Supply Company (FRSC). The filings disclose investments made in FRSC in 2015 for $47 million USD. This is comprised of a 15-year secured loan of $40 million USD bearing interest at 17.625% annually, as well as $7 million USD for preferred shares providing annual distributions. Additional infusions of cash in exchange for contractual annual distributions were also made in subsequent years.
While these examples are anecdotal, they are worth noting because the prime vendor space is very competitive and operates with tight margins. Debt financing and prioritizing dividends versus repayment of debt appears to have worked fine here in the past, because it was likely the standard approach among competing private companies. However, with the emergence of Unifire as a publicly held company, which is not likely to issue dividends or take on significant debt levels, the landscape is poised for a dramatic shakeup in the coming years.
Competitors:
https://stockhouse.com/news/newswire/2019/10/08/mission-ready-solutions-aims-multi-billion-

smallest company only one publicly listed( didnt back it up maybe false)

a lot of marketshares avaible, risky tho

INSIDERS

https://preview.redd.it/913rq8svtk151.png?width=1366&format=png&auto=webp&s=b99c952b67466a3f98610d6639dff25dd086c647

Heard by randos on the internet

https://stockhouse.com/companies/bullboard/v.mrs/mission-ready-solutions-inc-ordinary-shares?postid=31078015
the company is most likely already in the process of setting the ground work for uplisting. I am willing to bet we will be hearing about it late this year or at some point into the next one--there is no way that they are not looking to do so right now. It takes a lot of time to get the paper work and backers in place but i know they have the backers despite what we see in the s/p. Smart money is gobbling up shares and ignoring all this stupidity price wise and seeing what the company is doing and managing.
Only a matter of time not if we hear about the uplisting--i don't see it coming later than the coming year though! Just intuition nothing else.
https://stockhouse.com/news/newswire/2019/10/08/mission-ready-solutions-aims-multi-billion-defense-market

Contracts:
24m plus 12 in option from fema. 25th may and september 2020 for the optionhttps://finance.yahoo.com/news/mission-ready-announces-cad-24-185018261.html?.tsrc=rss
For 2020, based on the current pace of monthly awards, Unifire should capture $180 million CAD in new contracts in 2020, for which I will assume at least 50% will be booked as revenue in that fiscal year.
These assumptions total to a projected $300 million CAD in contract awards from April 2019 to the end of 2020, with $190 Million CAD booked as revenue in 2020.
https://seekingalpha.com/article/4294645-target-acquired-mission-ready-solutions-takes-aim-multi-billion-dollar-niche-defense-market

CAD $5,500,000 OrdersFurther to news releases dated April 28, 2020 and May 14, 2020 related to the Company’s response to the COVID-19 pandemic, Mission Ready has received additional purchase orders totaling CAD $5,500,000 from Grand Traverse Economic Development (“GTED”) for the procurement and supply of personal protective equipment (“PPE”) to the Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians, and to the State of New Hampshire. Delivery of the PPE pursuant to the purchase orders is expected to be completed during the third and fourth quarters of 2020, subject to product availability from the manufacturer.
https://ceo.ca/@nasdaq/mission-ready-announces-cad-5500000-in-new-orders

(im looking to put more info here)

https://preview.redd.it/o7rsasftuj151.png?width=1366&format=png&auto=webp&s=718f4f161f950c803b5da3026e922379945a2d62

https://preview.redd.it/8xq5i9b9xj151.png?width=1366&format=png&auto=webp&s=e3934a4f33b0e7c5e05aadfef8067012de83e9f4
golden information source
https://soundcloud.com/user-404384275/investor-update-and-webcast-may-26-20202018 5 m cad sales to 2020100 m cad delivered sales on 26th of may2020 unifire merger finalized looking for a chance to bid on a 400 m contractmight start have to bid for billions contractswith company unifire fema contract 24 m cad,( plus option) delivered on 25th may(expected)
500 employees 100 millions sales delivered soe contract ppe contract
https://ceo.ca/MRS

from a user
to summarize the presentation
Positives
- Company will have $100m in delivered sales this year and that does not include the busy season of July 1st to September. Last year we did $75m CDN.
-The company is working with various partners and establishing relationships. This includes FEMA, GTED as well as actual companies like Honeywell (Possibly more)
- They're hoping to announce something about PTF "soon" - As for the GSA schedule, PTF products are not on there but will be once mass consolidation happen
- They've required employees to work from home which has resulted in savings
- Company does not intend to be a one trick pony which we've seen. - As for the court, they feel like they have a good case but it depends on the judge's ruling
- The market for PPE is here to stay and so is Covid-19
. - They Expect FEMA to exercise the options on the 12m contract
-Negatives
- Cost of Capital is their challenge. They only get paid once the delivered sales happen. However, as they keep winning contracts, the bottom line will show that.
My opinion
In comparison to the past conferences, the tone was a ittle bit more conservative than before. They didn't throw out any wild projects but I feel like they've got contracts in the pipeline. The $100m number is conservative considering that they've not accounted for any from June 1st to September.

msnvf/mrs.v
the relation between the two ticker seem reasonable. it went +17% in usd and -7% in cad as of 2.39 pm
might see a bounce tomorow or later in the day


seem fair.






TLDR.
wars. riots, fire, covid all things that might happen very soon, a crazy valuation of 24m market cap with 100m sales,that's a lot per share. big contracts with the big boys possible, only publicly traded company of his sector, high risk high reward play.
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